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2-OHOA supplementation reduced adiposity and improved cardiometabolic risk to a greater extent than n-3 PUFA in obese mice

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Redondo Useros, Noemí and Gheorghe, Alina and Pérez de Heredia, Fátima and Díaz, Ligia Esperanza and Baccan, Gyselle Chrystina and Fuente del Rey, Mónica de la and Marcosa, Ascensión (2019) 2-OHOA supplementation reduced adiposity and improved cardiometabolic risk to a greater extent than n-3 PUFA in obese mice. Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, 13 (6). pp. 579-585. ISSN 1871-403X

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Official URL: https://www-sciencedirect-com.bucm.idm.oclc.org/science/article/pii/S1871403X1930420X#!



Abstract

Objective
We aimed to assess whether 2-hydroxyoleic acid (2-OHOA) and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) could counteract changes on adipokine secretion and cardiometabolic risk biomarkers associated with high-fat diet-induced obesity in mice.

Methods
Female ICR/CD1 mice (8 weeks old) were divided into four groups receiving different diets (n = 8/group): (1) standard chow (control) for 18 weeks; (2) 22% fat for 4 weeks + 60% fat for 14 weeks (obesogenic diet, OD); 3) OD + 2-OHOA (1500 mg kg−1 diet) for the last 6 weeks (ODsingle bondHO); and 4) OD + n-3 PUFA (eicosapentaenoic + docosahexaenoic acids, 1500 + 1500 mg kg−1 diet) for the last 6 weeks (OD-N3). After 18 weeks, body weight, periovarian visceral fat, heart and liver weights were measured, as well as cardiometabolic parameters (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, blood glucose, insulin, HOMA index, triglycerides, total cholesterol, apolipoproteins A1 and E), plasma adipokines and inflammatory proteins (leptin, adiponectin, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 [PAI1], soluble E-selectin [sE-selectin], matrix metalloproteinase-9 [MMP-9], fibrinogen, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule [sICAM] and soluble vascular adhesion molecule [sVCAM]), and secretion of pro-inflamatory cytokines and inflammatory biomarkers from periovarian adipocytes.

Results
OD mice had greater body and heart weights, and plasma leptin, and lower adiponectin and resistin secretion from adipocytes. Supplementation with 2-OHOA reduced body and heart weights, blood pressure, triglycerides and leptin, and restored adiponectin and resistin secretion, while n-3 PUFA only reduced triglyceride levels (all P < 0.05).

Conclusion
2-OHOA supplementation was more effective in reducing adiposity, modulating adipokine secretion and ameliorating cardiometabolic risk than n-3 PUFA.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:2-hydroxioleic acidn-3, Polyunsaturated fatty acids, High-fat diet, Obese mice, Cardiometabolic risk
Subjects:Medical sciences > Veterinary > Nutrition and care of the animals
Medical sciences > Biology > Biochemistry
Medical sciences > Biology > Animal physiology
ID Code:62093
Deposited On:11 Sep 2020 16:42
Last Modified:11 Sep 2020 16:42

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