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Electro-Osmotic Behavior of Polymeric Cation-Exchange Membranes in Ethanol-Water Solutions

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Barragán García, Vicenta María and García Villaluenga, Juan Pedro and Morales Villarejo, Victor and Izquierdo Gil, María Amparo (2020) Electro-Osmotic Behavior of Polymeric Cation-Exchange Membranes in Ethanol-Water Solutions. Entropy, 22 (6). ISSN 1099-4300

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/e22060692




Abstract

The aim of this work is to apply linear non-equilibrium thermodynamics to study the electrokinetic properties of three cation-exchange membranes of different structures in ethanol-water electrolyte solutions. To this end, liquid uptake and electro-osmotic permeability were estimated with potassium chloride ethanol-water solutions with different ethanol proportions as solvent. Current-voltage curves were also measured for each membrane system to estimate the energy dissipation due to the Joule effect. Considering the Onsager reciprocity relations, the streaming potential coefficient was discussed in terms of ethanol content of the solutions and the membrane structure. The results showed that more porous heterogeneous membrane presented lower values of liquid uptake and streaming potential coefficient with increasing ethanol content. Denser homogeneous membrane showed higher values for both, solvent uptake and streaming coefficient for intermediate content of ethanol.


Item Type:Article
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© This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This research was funded by Banco de Santander and Universidad Complutense de Madrid grant number PR6/13-18853.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Eneergy-Conversion; Transport; Charge
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:62098
Deposited On:23 Sep 2020 09:46
Last Modified:23 Sep 2020 10:42

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