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Epithelium-Off vs. transepithelial corneal collagen crosslinking in progressive keratoconus: 3 years of follow-up

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Arance Gil, Ángeles and Villa Collar, César and Pérez Sánchez, Belén and Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo and Gutiérrez Ortega, Ángel Ramón (2020) Epithelium-Off vs. transepithelial corneal collagen crosslinking in progressive keratoconus: 3 years of follow-up. Journal of Optometry . ISSN 1888-4296 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optom.2020.07.005




Abstract

Purpose: To compare the efficacy of epithelium-off corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) with transepithelial CXL in patients with progressive keratoconus with a follow-up of 3 years, taking into account the patients’ age and the location of the corneal ectasia.
Methods: In this prospective study participated 64 eyes with progressive keratoconus were included in this long-term study, of which 31 eyes were treated by epithelium-off CXL and 33 by transepithelial CXL. All of the patients with a follow-up of 36 months were evaluated for visual variables (corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), corneal aberrations, and corneal densitometry), structure variables (astigmatism, keratometry, corneal asphericity, maximum posterior elevation, corneal thickness, and corneal volume), and keratoconus index variables.
Results: After corneal CXL, CDVA improved significantly in both central and paracentral keratoconus, with greater improvement in the centrals (p = 0.001), asphericity at 6 mm improved in central keratoconus (p = 0.047). In the epi-off group, there was a significant improvement in coma-like (p = 0.038), higher-order aberrations (p = 0.036), asphericity at 8 mm (p = 0.049), asphericity at 10 mm (p = 0.049), and index of surface variance (p = 0.049).
Conclusion: Although both techniques halted and stabilized the progression of keratoconus, epithelium-off CXL was more effective. In addition, after the corneal CXL, there was a greater degree of regularization of the corneal surface and, therefore, a greater improvement in the CDVA with central keratoconus than with paracentral keratoconus.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

En OA en la web del editor.
Received 25 November 2019, Accepted 15 July 2020, Available online 1 September 2020.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Collagen crosslinking; Epithelium-Off collagen crosslinking; Transepithelial collagen crosslinking; Progressive keratoconus
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Ophtalmology
Medical sciences > Optics > Optometry
Medical sciences > Optics > Visual perception
ID Code:62129
Deposited On:28 Sep 2020 09:45
Last Modified:28 Sep 2020 09:45

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