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What comes after the Developed Oldowan B debate? Techno-economic data from SHK main site (Middle Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania)

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Sánchez Yustos, Policarpo and Díez Martín, Fernando and Díaz, Isabel and Fraile, Cristina and Uribelarrea del Val, David and Mabulla, Audax and Baquedano, Enrique and Domínguez-Rodrigo, Manuel (2020) What comes after the Developed Oldowan B debate? Techno-economic data from SHK main site (Middle Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania). Quaternary International, 526 . pp. 67-76. ISSN 1040-6182

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2019.07.034



Abstract

The Oldowan-Acheulean transition shows remarkable variability in Olduvai Bed II. To explain this, M. Leakey formulated a cultural model whose most distinctive contribution was the introduction of two cultural traditions (Developed Oldowan A and B) between the Oldowan and the Acheulean. This model has been discussed for the last fifty years, giving rise to the “Developed Oldowan B debate”. SHK is one of the very few sites that M. Leakey employed to characterize this cultural tradition. We present here a techno-economic analysis of the lithic assemblage recovered in a current excavation at this site that positively provides evidence of structured and complex techno-economic behavior. The results are consistent with the current and uncontested consensus about the Acheulean nature of the Developed Oldowan B. These results may also fuel a newly established debate.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Oldowan, Developed oldowan, Acheulean, Handaxe, Olduvai
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
Humanities > History > Archaeology
ID Code:62161
Deposited On:16 Sep 2020 11:08
Last Modified:16 Sep 2020 12:04

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