Ancient heat flow, crustal thickness, and lithospheric mantle rheology in the Amenthes region, Mars



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Ruiz Pérez, Javier and Fernández, Carlos and Gómez Ortiz, David and Dohm, James M. and López, Valle and Tejero López, Rosa (2008) Ancient heat flow, crustal thickness, and lithospheric mantle rheology in the Amenthes region, Mars. Earth and Planetary Science Letters , 270 . pp. 1-12. ISSN 0012-821X

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Surface heat flow calculations for the Amenthes region of Mars can be independently performed using the depth to the brittle–ductile
transition and the effective elastic thickness of the lithosphere estimated for the Late Noachian/Early Hesperian (equivalent to an estimated absolute
age of ~3.6–3.8 Ga). This, along with crustal heat production rates estimated from heat-producing elements abundances, permits us to put constraints,
for that particular place and time, on both the thermal and mechanical properties of the lithosphere and the crustal thickness. The depth to the brittle–
ductile transition deduced from modeling of the topography of Amenthes Rupes is 27–35 km, and the associated surface heat flow is 26–37 mWm−2.
On the other hand, the effective elastic thickness in this region is between 19 and 35 km: the surface heat flow deduced by considering crustal and
lithospheric mantle contributions to the total lithospheric strength, as well as wet or dry olivine for lithospheric mantle rheology, is 31–49mWm−2. The
relatively limited overlap among Te- andzBDT-based heat flowvalues implies a surface heat flowof 31–36mWm−2 (with a high fraction originated from
crustal heat sources) and awet mantle rheology. The so obtained local crustal thickness is 43–74 km,which suggests an average thickness of~40–75 km
for the Martian crust; for the frequently used crustal density of 2900 kgm−3, our results suggest a crustal thickness of 50–63km for theAmenthes region,
and an average crustal thickness of ~45–65 km for Mars.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Mars; Heat flow; Crustal thickness; Lithosphere; Rheology
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Geodynamics
ID Code:10510
Deposited On:23 Apr 2010 11:03
Last Modified:05 May 2015 16:43

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