The Rise and Fall of S&P500 Variance Futures



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Chang, Chia-Lin and Jiménez-Martín, Juan-Ángel and McAleer, Michael and Pérez-Amaral, Teodosio (2011) The Rise and Fall of S&P500 Variance Futures. [ Documentos de Trabajo del Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico (ICAE); nº 35, 2011, ]

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Volatility is an indispensible component of sensible portfolio risk management. The volatility of an asset of composite index can be traded by using volatility derivatives, such as volatility and variance swaps, options and futures. The most popular volatility index is VIX, which is a key measure of market expectations of volatility, and hence is a key barometer of investor sentiment and market volatility. Investors interpret the VIX cash index as a “fear” index, and of VIX options and VIX futures as derivatives of the “fear” index. VIX is based on S&P500 call and put options over a wide range of strike prices, and hence is not model based. Speculators can trade on volatility risk with VIX derivatives, with views on whether volatility will increase or decrease in the future, while hedgers can use volatility derivatives to avoid exposure to volatility risk. VIX and its options and futures derivatives has been widely analysed in recent years. An alternative volatility derivative to VIX is the S&P500 variance futures, which is an expectation of the variance of the S&P500 cash index. Variance futures are futures contracts written on realized variance, or standardized variance swaps. The S&P500 variance futures are not model based, so the assumptions underlying the index do not seem to have been clearly understood. As these two variance futures are thinly traded, their returns are not easy to model accurately using a variety of risk models. This paper analyses the S&P500 3-month variance futures before, during and after the GFC, as well as for the full data period, for each of three alternative conditional volatility models and three densities, in order to determine whether exposure to risk can be incorporated into a financial portfolio without taking positions on the S&P500 index itself.

Item Type:Working Paper or Technical Report
Uncontrolled Keywords:Risk management, Financial derivatives, Futures, options, Swaps, 3-month variance futures, 12-month variance futures, Risk exposure, Volatility.
Subjects:Social sciences > Economics > Finance
Social sciences > Economics > Econometrics
JEL:C22, G32, G01
Series Name:Documentos de Trabajo del Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico (ICAE)
ID Code:13910
Deposited On:17 Nov 2011 11:58
Last Modified:16 Feb 2022 09:45

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