Internal structure of Tenerife (Canary Islands) based on gravity, aeromagnetic and volcanological data



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Araña, V. and Camacho, A.G. and Garcia, A. and Montesinos, F. G. and Blanco, I. and Vieira, Ricardo and Felpeto, A. (2000) Internal structure of Tenerife (Canary Islands) based on gravity, aeromagnetic and volcanological data. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 103 (1). pp. 43-64. ISSN 0377-0273

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Gravity and magnetic methods have been applied to the Tenerife Island, to provide new information about its internal structure. For this study, 365 gravity stations covering the central part of the island have been selected. The anomalous density maps at different depths were obtained by means of an inversion global adjustment, on fixed density contrast. to describe the three-dimensional (3D) geometry of the anomalous bodies. On the other hand, several analysis techniques, such as reduction to the pole, spectral analysis, low-pass filtering, terrain correction and forward modelling, were applied to process the high-resolution data obtained in an aeromagnetic survey, completed with marine and terrestrial data. The joint analysis of gravity and magnetic anomalies has shown tectonic and volcanic features that define some fundamental aspects of the structural framework and volcanic evolution of the island. A strong gravity anomaly produced by a large and deep source has been associated with an uplifted block of the basement beneath the southern part of Tenerife. The sources of the observed gravity highs from 8 km b.s.l. may be associated with the growth of the submarine shield stage that was clearly controlled by regional tectonic. The long-wavelength magnetic anomalies reveal highly magnetic sources, interpreted as gabbro-ultramafic cumulates associated with the root zone of a large dyke swarm. This intrusive body could be topped by the emplacement zone of magma chambers that correlate with a magnetic horizon at 5.7 +/- 0.8 km depth. Rooted in this highly magnetic zone, two dike-like structures can be associated with the magmatic feeding system of large recent basaltic volcanoes. A shallow magnetic horizon (1.4 km a.s.l.) can be correlated with the bottom phonolites of the Las Canadas Edifice. In the central part of the island the coincidence of some gravity and magnetic lows is consistent with the presence of low-density and low-magnetic materials, that infill a collapsed caldera system. The structures close to the surface are characterised by low-density areas connected with the recent volcanism, in particular the minimum over the Teide volcano, Hydrothermal alteration is assumed to be the cause of a short-wavelength magnetic low over the Teide volcano. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Aeromagnetic; gravity; volcanology; Canary Islands; Tenerife
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Seismology
ID Code:15980
Deposited On:18 Jul 2012 08:35
Last Modified:10 Aug 2018 11:32

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