Sm–Nd isotope geochemistry and tectonic setting of the metasedimentary rocks from the basal allochthonous units of NW Iberia (Variscan suture, Galicia)



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Fuenlabrada Pérez, José Manuel and Arenas Martín, Ricardo and Díez Fernández, Rubén and Sánchez Martínez, Sonia and Abati Gómez, Jacobo and López Carmona, Alicia (2012) Sm–Nd isotope geochemistry and tectonic setting of the metasedimentary rocks from the basal allochthonous units of NW Iberia (Variscan suture, Galicia). Lithos (Oslo. Print) , 148 . pp. 196-208. ISSN 0024-4937

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The basal units of the allochthonous complexes of NW Iberia are formed by thick metasedimentary rock sequences
intruded by granitoids, ranging in composition from calc-alkaline (c. 493 Ma) to minor alkaline–
peralkaline massifs (c. 475–470 Ma), and mafic rocks. The granitoids were transformed into variably deformed
othogneisses and the associated mafic rocks were transformed into amphibolites, blueschists and
eclogites during eo-Variscan high-P metamorphism dated at c. 370 Ma. Two different superimposed
metasedimentary rock sequences can be distinguished. The lower sequence (maximum depositional age at
c. 560 Ma) is mainly composed of metagreywackes, while the upper sequence (maximum depositional age
at c. 500 Ma) consists of mica schists and other minor types. Major and trace element geochemistry of the
metagreywackes of the lower sequence suggests that they were generated in relation to a peri-Gondwanan
arc system built on the thinned continental margin, although some chemical transition to passive margin
greywackes is also observed. This sedimentary sequence was probably deposited in an Ediacaran–Early Cambrian
back-arc setting or retro-arc setting, closer to the thinned platform of the continental margin. The geochemical
features of the sedimentary rocks of the upper sequence suggest some affinity with passive margin
sediments; they were probably deposited closer to the continental domain and to certain distance from the
most active zones of the magmatic arc. The Nd model ages of 23 analysed samples are Paleoproterozoic and
range between 1782 Ma and 2223 Ma (average value 1919 Ma). The Nd model ages are slightly younger in
the upper sequence than in the lower sequence, but altogether they define a single population, and therefore
the two metasedimentary rock sequences can be clearly related. Sedimentation probably took place within
the same basin located in the continental platform of Gondwana, the main source areas of these sedimentary
rocks did not change during the Late Neoproterozoic and Cambrian times. The Nd model ages are very old
and they seem to be compatible with Paleoproterozoic or Archean source areas, with only minor participation
of younger sources probably represented by intrusive Cadomian–Pan-African granitoids.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Metasedimentary rocks; Tectonic setting; Sm–Nd isotope geochemistry; Allochthonous complexes; Variscan belt; NW Iberia
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Petrology
ID Code:17376
Deposited On:11 Dec 2012 10:22
Last Modified:11 Dec 2012 10:22

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