Mechanical graphite transport in fault zones and the formation of graphite veins



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Crespo Feo, Elena and Luque del Villar, Francisco Javier and Fernández Barrenechea, José María and Rodas, Magdalena (2005) Mechanical graphite transport in fault zones and the formation of graphite veins. Mineralogical magazine, 69 (4). pp. 463-470. ISSN 0026-461X

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This paper describes a vein-shaped graphite occurrence in which, for the first time, the geological,
mineralogical and isotopic evidence support its formation by physical remobilization of previously
formed syngenetic graphite. The deposit studied is located in the Spanish Central System and it occurs
along the contact between a hydrothermal Ag-bearing quartz vein and a graphite-bearing quartzite
layer. The characteristics of this occurrence differ from those of fluid-deposited vein-type graphite
mineralization in that: (1) graphite flakes are oriented parallel to the vein walls; (2) graphite
crystallinity is slightly lower than in the syngenetic precursor (graphite disseminated in the quartzite);
and (3) the isotopic signatures of both types of graphite are identical and correspond to biogenic
carbon. In addition, the P-T conditions of the hydrothermal Ag-bearing quartz veins in the study area
(P <1 kbar, and T up to 360ëC) contrast with the high degree of structural order of graphite in the vein.
Therefore, physical remobilization of graphite can be regarded as a suitable alternative mechanism to
account for some cases of vein-shaped graphite deposits. Such a mechanism would require a previous
concentration of disseminated syngenetic graphite promoted, in this case, by the retrograde solubility of
quartz. This process would generate monomineralic graphite aggregates enhancing its lubricant
properties and permitting graphite to move in the solid state along distances in the range of up to
several metres.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Graphite deposits, Veins, Remobilization
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Mineralogy
ID Code:17608
Deposited On:10 Jan 2013 09:32
Last Modified:11 Dec 2018 08:46

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