Stratigraphical and palaeogeographical significance of the continental sedimentary transition across the Permian–Triassic boundary in Spain



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López Gómez, José and Arche, Alfredo and Marzo Carpio, Mariano and Durand, Marc (2005) Stratigraphical and palaeogeographical significance of the continental sedimentary transition across the Permian–Triassic boundary in Spain. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology , 229 . pp. 3-23. ISSN 0031-0182

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The Permian–Triassic transition, a time of phenomenal palaeoenvironmental and palaeogeographical change, represents the
largest episode of mass extinctions known to palaeontologists. This episode is, however, very poorly understood, and a lack of
sediments and palaeontological data, particularly in the continental record, is a feature common to every basin. Despite
compelling information on the continental Permian–Triassic boundary (PTB) emerging from recent efforts evaluating vertebrate
evolution, fungal events and isotope curves, results are still insufficient to make any valuable correlations among continental
basins and are even less appropriate for relating sediments of continental to those of marine origin. The present report discusses
and attempts to locate the PTB in the basins of Iberia and Balearic Islands through an analysis of the palaeontological and
sedimentary record across the Permian–Triassic transition. The aim of the paper is to contribute to our present knowledge of the
palaeogeographical and stratigraphical significance of the Permian and Triassic continental units of Western Europe.
The present-day Iberian Ranges, Catalonian Ranges and Balearic Islands hold the most complete Late Permian–Early
Triassic sedimentary record in Iberia. This record consists of alluvial sediments, mainly of braided fluvial systems, corresponding
to the bSaxonianQ and Buntsandstein facies. All the units examined so far have been dated through palynological associations.
The two bSaxonianQ facies formations are of Thuringian age, although the lower one shows some palynological elements of
Autunian affinities. The Buntsandstein units range from Thuringian to Anisian in age, there being no evidence up to now of
the Scythian in Iberia. The exact position of the PTB in Iberia is up to now impossible to pinpoint with the precision of the
marine series. Sedimentary characteristics and palynological data in the Iberian Ranges point that it lies at the sedimentary
interval, 10 to 30 m thick, formed by the upper member of the La Hoz del Gallo Formation and the lowermost beds of the
Can˜ izar Formation or its time equivalent the Prades and Eramprunya´ units in the Catalonian Ranges and the Asa´ and B-1 in
the Balearic Islands. We compare a normalized standard Late Permian–Middle Triassic column of the Iberian Ranges with
standards from Western and Central Europe and the Southern Urals using recent Permian time scales. A palaeogeographic essay map of the Permian–Triassic transition is provided for the Iberian Plate. The plate was located in a northern subtropical
position, 200–400 km from the westernmost Tethys coast, as part of the Central Pangean Mountain Range comprised of the
Appalachian–Mauretanide–Variscan orogenic belts of estimated altitudes 2000–4000 m. Based on this palaeogeographic
location, sedimentary characteristics and the main wind flows established for the Tethys, we can infer conditions of high
precipitation dominated by monsoon and seasonal regimes with isolated semiarid areas for the Iberian Plate during the

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Late Permian; Triassic; Permian–Triassic boundary; Iberian Ranges; Stratigraphy
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Stratigraphic geology
ID Code:17640
Deposited On:14 Jan 2013 09:38
Last Modified:11 Dec 2018 08:42

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