Nanoscale observations of the epitaxial growth of hashemite on barite (001)



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Shtukenberg, Alexander G. and Astilleros García-Monge, José Manuel and Putnis, Andrew (2005) Nanoscale observations of the epitaxial growth of hashemite on barite (001). Surface science, 590 . pp. 212-223. ISSN 0039-6028

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The heteroepitaxial growth of hashemite BaCrO4 on barite BaSO4(001) from supersaturated aqueous solutions
was observed in situ using an atomic force microscope (AFM). It was shown that the first hashemite layer grows
via two-dimensional nucleation easily forming a complete epitaxial layer,which is likely to have a low level of
intrinsic stress. Two-dimensional nucleation of the second and subsequent layers proceeds with significantly lower
rates,and growth occurs with lower step velocities. These layers seem to have significant level of intrinsic stress and
tend to reduce it via the formation of free surface normal to the growth layer (holes in the layer,dendrite-like shape
of nuclei and steps,preferable formation of nuclei at the step edges). As a result,the initially flat surface becomes
rough. The process described corresponds to the Stranski-Krastanov epitaxial growth mode, which is well known
for growth of semiconductor and metal films but not previously recognised for crystals grown from aqueous

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Atomic force microscopy; Solid–liquid interfaces; Surface structure, morphology, roughness, and topography; Crystallization; Epitaxy; Growth; Nucleation
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Crystallography
ID Code:18172
Deposited On:04 Feb 2013 12:19
Last Modified:11 Dec 2018 08:46

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