Geological factors of the Guadalajara landscapes (Central Spain) and their relevance to landscape studies



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García Quintana, Alvaro and García-Hidalgo Pallarés, José Francisco and Martín Duque, José Francisco and Pedraza Gilsanz, Javier de and González Martín, J.A. (2004) Geological factors of the Guadalajara landscapes (Central Spain) and their relevance to landscape studies. Landscape and urban planning, 69 . pp. 417-435. ISSN 0169-2046

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The landscapes of a territory are the consequence of its history; overlapped geological, vegetable and cultural histories
usually exist on a landscape. At the Mediterranean domain, however, a translucent vegetation exists, and its history is
closely related to the geologic and cultural histories, because low-technology agricultural uses on a different hardness rock
background control vegetation. Thus, in areas like the Guadalajara province, the geologic composition and the human activities
can be considered the primary conditions for landscape configuration. Both condition the typologies, distribution and relative
importance of the geotic, biotic and anthropogenic components of landscapes. A complex network of interrelations among all
them exists but, in the base of which lie the geology of the territory, included relief, because it has amore independent influence
since man cannot modify the geologic factors; such as the colour of the rocks, the size and distribution of rock bodies, the
palaeogeographic domains and the tectonic structure all which control landscape development and configuration. Moreover,
geology influences conditions and even limit, the presence, typologies and development of the biotic and anthropogenic
elements. These factors also have a major relevance for environmental management, educational and economic policy, and,
in some cases, for environmental impact assessment.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Geology; Landscape; Mediterranean domain
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Geodynamics
ID Code:20002
Deposited On:19 Feb 2013 12:32
Last Modified:23 Apr 2015 11:40

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