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P-V-T-X -f02 evolution from wolframite to sulphide depositional stages in intragranitic W-veins. An example from the Spanish Central System

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Vindel, Elena and López García, José Ángel and Boiron, Marie Christine and Cathelineau, Michel and Prieto Colorado, Ángel Carmelo (1995) P-V-T-X -f02 evolution from wolframite to sulphide depositional stages in intragranitic W-veins. An example from the Spanish Central System. European journal of mineralogy, 7 . pp. 675-688. ISSN 0935-1221

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Abstract

The relative P-T-X conditions of the deposition of wolframite and sulphides in quartz veins has been
investigated using representative W-polymetallic sulphide veins hosted by peraluminous granites in the central
domain of the Spanish Central System. Ore-bearing quartz veins fall into two groups : W-veins (wolframite-bearing
quartz veins with minor amounts of sulphides) and sulphide (S) dominated veins (wolframite free). The two vein
types (S and W) have similar orientation, silicate and sulphide mineralogy. A multidisciplinary approach based on
a detailed fluid-inclusion analysis in relation with a paragenetic reconstruction of vein fillings suggests a similar
genesis and fluid history, as follows :
(i) an early fluid stage, lacking in S-veins, characterized by CO2-H20-NaCl rich vapours is at the origin of a strong
K-mica alteration of the granite wall-rock, and of vein filling by milky quartz (QI) - phengite I - (wolframite), at
around 130 ± 20 MPa and 525 ± 25°C ;
(ii) a second stage characterized by H2O-CO2-CH4-NaCl fluids with a low volatile-phase density, at the origin
of the deposition of : a) saccharoidal quartz (QII) (+ phengite II and minor amounts of scheelite in W-veins),
and then, b) a chlorite-sulphide (pyrrhotite, sphalerite and galena) assemblage. A progressive decrease of the CO2
content in fluids is recorded, CH4 being the major volatile species in the latest inclusions spatially associated with
sulphides. Pressure is around 130 ± 30 MPa, and temperature decreases from 380° to 330°C throughout the course
of the fluid trapping.
iii) later fluid inputs in the veins are shown by two types of secondary aqueous fluid inclusions in healed microfissures,
which display moderate Th (160°-220°C) and salinities.
The two main stages (wolframite, then sulphides) are characterized by a nearly isobaric cooling and dilution
of volatile rich fluids. The X-fO2 evolution indicates that fluid chemistry was probably controlled during the first
stage by graphite-fluid equilibrium, implying a fluid source external to the granite (surrounding metamorphic
series). The sulphide stage, which is ubiquitous in most W deposits, appears clearly in this example as the latest
stage of a primary hydrothermal cycle involving volatile bearing fluids, and is not disconnected from the W stages.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fluid inclusions, Tungsten, Sulphide, Geothermobarometry, Spanish Central System
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Petrology
ID Code:20193
Deposited On:01 Mar 2013 10:51
Last Modified:01 Feb 2020 00:01

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