Los Elementos de Fisiología y de Higiene de Pedro María González (1815)

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Rodríguez Ballesteros, Juan J. (2013) Los Elementos de Fisiología y de Higiene de Pedro María González (1815). Pecia Complutense, 10 (18). pp. 61-100. ISSN 1698-272X

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Abstract

El más destacado autor español sobre enfermedades e higiene naval del siglo XIX, el médico-cirujano de la Expedición de Malaspina (1789-1794), Pedro María González Gutiérrez (1764-1838) siendo catedrático de fisiología e higiene del Real Colegio de Medicina y Cirugía de Cádiz, redactó sobre tales ciencias unos "Elementos" de influencia vitalista, en quinientas ochenta páginas manuscritas, para uso de los alumnos del citado colegio, fechadas en 1815 y que nunca llegaron a publicarse, por lo que su contenido es, hasta el día de hoy, prácticamente desconocido. La obra, en la que se aprecia la influencia de autores de la época (Cullen, Richerand y Lafon) y la presencia de la nueva química introducida en Cádiz por J. M. de Aréjula, se compone de dos partes de desigual tamaño, la mayor de las cuales, dedicada a la fisiología, se halla dividida en cuatro cuadernos que tratan de las "generalidades" y composición de las partes del cuerpo, de las funciones vitales, de las funciones animales y de las funciones naturales. La higiene queda desarrollada en nueve secciones siguiendo el sistema clásico dieciochesco. Presentamos una obra maestra que alumbra y perfila el núcleo doctrinal de la medicina gaditana de principios del siglo XIX.
[ABSTRACT]
The most notable 19th. century Spanish author on naval diseases and hygine was Pedro Maria González Gutiérrez (1764-1838), the surgeon-doctor of the Malaspina Expedition (1789-17949. As professor of Physiology and Hygine at the Royal College of Medicine and Surgery in Cádiz, he wrote some 580 pages of manuscript (dated 1815) certain "Elements of Physiology and of Hygiene for use of the Students of the College of Medicine and Surgery of Cadiz. For his Professor Don Pedro Maria Gonzalez " on the influence of vitalism in these sciences, but which were never published. It is for this reason that thier content has, right up until the present day, remained almost unknown. In these documents one can appreciate the influences of other contemporary authors of his time (Cullen, Richerand and Lafon) and the presence of the "new chemistry" introduced into Cádiz by J. M. Aréjula. The manuscript, that today is deposited in the Historical Library of the University Complutense of Madrid by the number BH MSS 649, was found to be composed of two unequal parts. The larger of these, dedicated to Physiology, was subdivided into four "notebooks" which treat; "generalities" and the composition of the body's parts; vital functions; animal functions; and natural functions. In the smaller, Hygine was dealt with in 9 sections following the classical 19th. century format. We present a masterpiece which shows Cádiz as the doctrinal core of medicine at the start of the 19th. century.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fisiología, Higiene, Vitalismo, Cádiz, Medicina, Cirugía, s. XIX, Physiology, Hygine, Vitalism, Cádiz, Medicine, Surgery, 19th. Century
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Medicine history
Medical sciences > Medicine > Physiology
Social sciences > Library science and documentation > Bibliography
ID Code:20268
Deposited On:06 Mar 2013 08:33
Last Modified:21 Jul 2015 10:26

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