Last Interglacial (MIS 5) ungulate assemblage from the Central Iberian Peninsula: The Camino Cave (Pinilla del Valle, Madrid, Spain)



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Álvarez-Lao, Diego J. and Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Baquedano, Enrique and Pérez-González, Alfredo (2013) Last Interglacial (MIS 5) ungulate assemblage from the Central Iberian Peninsula: The Camino Cave (Pinilla del Valle, Madrid, Spain). Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology (374). pp. 327-337. ISSN 0031-0182

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The fossil assemblage from the Camino Cave, corresponding to the late MIS 5, constitutes a key record to understand
the faunal composition of Central Iberia during the last Interglacial. Moreover, the largest Iberian fallow deer fossil population was recovered here. Other ungulate species present at this assemblage include red deer, roe deer, aurochs, chamois, wild boar, horse and steppe rhinoceros; carnivores and Neanderthals are also present. The origin of the accumulation has been interpreted as a hyena den. Abundant fallow deer skeletal elements allowed to statistically compare the Camino Cave fossils with other
Pleistocene and Holocene European populations. The morphological comparison of the dentition and
morphometrical analyses of the metapodials suggest that the fallow deer from the Camino Cave are closer to the subspecies Dama dama geiselana and Dama dama tiberina than to the recent Dama dama dama. Estimations of the age at death in several fallow deer young individuals provided information on seasonality, suggesting that the cave was occupied by the hyenas almost all year round. The ungulate composition provides a clear example of an interglacial faunal complex which agrees with the published pollen, charcoal and small vertebrate data that indicate a continental Mediterranean climate. This interglacial character was also registered at other Iberian MIS 5 sequences coming from the Mediterranean margin.

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This is the author's version of the work. The definitive version was published in Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology , vol. 374, (2013/03/15),

Uncontrolled Keywords:Early Late Pleistocene, MIS 5c; Fallow deer, Dama dama cf. geiselana, Morphometry, Palaeoenvironment
Subjects:Medical sciences > Veterinary
Humanities > History
Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
Humanities > Geography
Medical sciences > Biology
Sciences > Geology
ID Code:20861
Deposited On:07 May 2013 08:09
Last Modified:11 Dec 2018 08:41

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