Macroscopic palygorskite from Lisbom Volcanic Complex



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Súarez Barrios, Mercedes and García Romero, Emilia (2006) Macroscopic palygorskite from Lisbom Volcanic Complex. European journal of mineralogy, 18 . pp. 119-126. ISSN 0935-1221

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The palygorskite of the Volcanic Complex near of Lisbom (Portugal) is particular both in the size of the fibres and in
chemical composition. It appears as veins of very pure mineral. From hand specimen and optical observations it can be described as
a macroscopic palygorskite. The crystals are large with exfoliation traces of several hundred microns to few millimetres in length. In
thin section, this palygorskite is colourless, translucent, negative biaxial, with positive elongation and parallel extinction. The
optically homogeneous fibres and laths are shown by the selected area electron diffraction to be composed of aggregates of much
thinner fibres rotated differently around the c crystal axis which represents their common elongation direction. The chemical formula
obtained by the X-ray EDS is Si8.02O20 (Al1.91 Fe0.04 Mg 2.01) (OH)2 (OH2)4 Ca 0.01 Na 0.07 4(H2O) very close to the ideal formula of a
pureMg-Al palygorskite,with almost no octahedral Fe, and noAl in tetrahedral sites. The cell parameters are a0 or a0 sin q = 12.64 A° ,
b0 = 17.84 A° and c0 = 5.3 A° .

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Palygorskite, Macrocrystalline palygorskite, Electron microscopy, Powder diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Mineralogy
ID Code:21634
Deposited On:03 Jun 2013 10:26
Last Modified:01 Jan 2021 00:01

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