Octahedral cation distribution in palygorskite



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Chryssikos, Georgios D. and Gionis, Vassilis and Kacandes, Georges H. and Stathopoulou, Elizabeth T. and Súarez Barrios, Mercedes and García Romero, Emilia and Sánchez del Río, Manuel (2009) Octahedral cation distribution in palygorskite. The American mineralogist, 94 . pp. 200-203. ISSN 0003-004X

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Official URL: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/AmMin/TOC/


The OH speciation of 18 palygorskite samples from various localities were evaluated by near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) and compared to the corresponding octahedral composition derived from independent, single-particle analytical electron microscopy (AEM). NIR gives evidence for dioctahedral-like (AlAlOH, AlFe3+OH, Fe3+Fe3+OH) and trioctahedral-like (Mg3OH) species. Therefore, palygorskite can be approximated by the formula yMg5 Si8O20(OH)2·(1 – y)[xMg2Fe2·(1 – x)Mg2Al2]Si8O20(OH)2, where x is the Fe content of the dioctahedral component, and y is the trioctahedral fraction. The values of x estimated from the NIR data are in excellent agreement with the Fe/(VIAl + Fe) ratio from AEM (R2 = 0.98, σ = 0.03), thus suggesting that all octahedral Al and Fe in palygorskite participate in M2M2OH (dioctahedral-like) arrangements. Furthermore, y values from AEM can be compared to NIR (R2 = 0.90 and σ = 0.05) after calibrating the relative intensity of the Mg3OH vs. (Al,Fe)2OH overtone bands using AEM data. The agreement between the spectroscopic and analytical data are excellent. The data show that Fe3+ for Al substitution varies continuously in the analyzed samples over a broad range (0 < x < 0.7), suggesting that fully ferric dioctahedral palygorskites (x = 1) may exist. On the other hand, the observed upper trioctahedral limit of y = 0.50 calls for the detailed structural comparison of Mg-rich palygorskite with sepiolite.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Palygorskite, Fe-rich, Mg-rich, structure, near infrared Spectroscopy, Trioctahedral, Dioctahedral, Composition, AEM, Sepiolite
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Mineralogy
ID Code:21635
Deposited On:03 Jun 2013 10:26
Last Modified:01 Jan 2021 00:01

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