Trioctahedral entities in palygorskite: Near-infrared evidence for sepiolite-palygorskite polysomatism



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Stathopoulou, Elizabeth T. and Súarez Barrios, Mercedes and García Romero, Emilia and Sánchez del Río, Manuel and Kacandes, Georges H. and Gionis, Vassilis and Chryssikos, Georgios D. (2011) Trioctahedral entities in palygorskite: Near-infrared evidence for sepiolite-palygorskite polysomatism. The American mineralogist, 23 . pp. 567-576. ISSN 0003-004X

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The mixed dioctahedral-trioctahedral character of Mg-rich palygorskite has been previously described by the formula
yMg5 Si8 O20(OH)2(OH2)4(1–y)[xMg2Fe2(1–x)Mg2 Al2] Si8 O20(OH)2(OH2)4, where y is the trioctahedral fraction of this two-chain
ribbon mineral with an experimentally determined upper limit of y 0.5 and x is the FeIII content in the M2 sites of the dioctahedral
component. Ideal trioctahedral (y ¼ 1) palygorskite is elusive, although sepiolite Mg8Si12O30(OH)4(OH2)4 with a similar composition,
three-chain ribbon structure and distinct XRD pattern is common. A set of 22 samples identified by XRD as palygorskite and
with variable composition (0 , x , 0.7, 0 , y , 0.5) were studied to extrapolate the structure of an ideal trioctahedral (y ¼ 1)
palygorskite and to compare this structure to sepiolite. Near-infrared spectroscopy was used to study the influence of octahedral
composition on the structure of the TOT ribbons, H2O in the tunnels and surface silanols of palygorskite, as well as their response to
loss of zeolitic H2O. All spectroscopic evidence suggests that palygorskite consists of discrete dioctahedral and trioctahedral entities.
The dioctahedral entities have variable structure determined solely by x=FeIII/(Al+FeIII) and their content is proportional to (1–y). In
contrast, the trioctahedral entities have fixed octahedral composition or ribbon structure and are spectroscopically identical to
sepiolite. The value of d200 in palygorskite follows the regression d200 (A°)= 6.362 + 0.129 x(1–y) + 0.305y, R2 = 0.96, σ = 0.013A°.
When extrapolated to y = 1,d200 is identical to sepiolite. Based on this analysis, we propose that palygorskite samples with non-zero
trioctahedral character should be considered as members of a polysomatic series of sepiolite and (dioctahedral) palygorskite described
by the new formula y'Mg8 Si12 O30(OH)4(OH2)4.(1–y')[x'Mg2Fe2(1–x')Mg2Al2]Si8O20(OH)2(OH2)4, with 0 < x'= x < 0.7 and 0 < y'
= y/(2–y) < 0.33.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Palygorskite, Sepiolite, XRD, Near-infrared spectroscopy, Dioctahedral, Trioctahedral, Polysomatism
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Mineralogy
ID Code:21638
Deposited On:03 Jun 2013 10:25
Last Modified:01 Jan 2021 00:01

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