Improving the performance of the single-dish Cherenkov telescope MAGIC through the use of signal timing



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Antoranz Canales, Pedro and Barrio Uña, Juan Abel and Contreras González, José Luis and Fonseca González, Mª Victoria and Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel and Nieto, Daniel (2009) Improving the performance of the single-dish Cherenkov telescope MAGIC through the use of signal timing. Astroparticle Physics, 30 (6). pp. 293-305. ISSN 0927-6505

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The Cherenkov light flashes produced by extensive air showers are very short in time. A high bandwidth and fast digitizing readout, therefore, can minimize the influence of the background from the light of the night sky, and improve the performance in Cherenkov telescopes. The time structure of the Cherenkov image can further be used in single-dish Cherenkov telescopes as an additional parameter to reduce the background from unwanted hadronic showers. A description of an analysis method which makes use of the time information and the subsequent improvement on the performance of the MAGIC telescope (especially after the upgrade with an ultra fast 2 GSamples/s digitization system in February 2007) will be presented. The use of timing information in the analysis of the new MAGIC data reduces the background by a factor two, which in turn results in an enhancement of about a factor 1.4 of the flux sensitivity to point-like sources, as tested on observations of the Crab Nebula. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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© 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. We would like to thank the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias for the excellent working conditions at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos in La Palma. The support of the German BMBF and MPG, the Italian INFN and Spanish MCINN is gratefully acknowledged. This work was also supported by ETH Research Grant TH 34/043, by the Polish MNiSzW Grant N N203 390834, and by the YIP of the Helmholtz Gemeinschaft.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Gamma-Ray Astronomy; IACT; Cherenkov Images; Timing Analysis.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electronics
Sciences > Physics > Electricity
Sciences > Physics > Nuclear physics
ID Code:23056
Deposited On:10 Oct 2013 12:29
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 14:58

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