Northern winter stratospheric temperature and ozone responses to ENSO inferred from an ensemble of Chemistry Climate Models



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Cagnazzo, Chiara and Manzini, Elisa and Calvo Fernández, Natalia and Douglass, A. and Akiyoshi, H. and Bekki, S. and Chipperfield, M. and Dameris, M. and Deushi, M. and Fischer, A. M. and Garny, H. and Gettelman, A. and Giorgetta, M. A. and Plummer, D. and Rozanov, E. and Shepherd, T. G. and Shibata, K. and Stenke, A. and Struthers, H. and Tian, W. (2009) Northern winter stratospheric temperature and ozone responses to ENSO inferred from an ensemble of Chemistry Climate Models. Atmospheric chemistry and physics, 9 (22). pp. 8935-8948. ISSN 1680-7316

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The connection between the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Northern polar stratosphere has been established from observations and atmospheric modeling. Here a systematic inter-comparison of the sensitivity of the modeled stratosphere to ENSO in Chemistry Climate Models (CCMs) is reported. This work uses results from a number of the CCMs included in the 2006 ozone assessment. In the lower stratosphere, the mean of all model simulations reports a warming of the polar vortex during strong ENSO events in February-March, consistent with but smaller than the estimate from satellite observations and ERA40 reanalysis. The anomalous warming is associated with an anomalous dynamical increase of column ozone north of 70 degrees N that is accompanied by coherent column ozone decrease in the Tropics, in agreement with that deduced from the NIWA column ozone database, implying an increased residual circulation in the mean of all model simulations during ENSO. The spread in the model responses is partly due to the large internal stratospheric variability and it is shown that it crucially depends on the representation of the tropospheric ENSO teleconnection in the models.

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© Author(s) 2009. Chiara Cagnazzo is supported by the Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per i Cambiamenti Climatici. Elisa Manzini acknowledges the support of the EC SCOUT-O3 Integrated Project (505390-GOCE-CT-2004) for part of this work. Natalia Calvo was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science and the Fulbright Commission in Spain. CCSRNIES’s research has been supported by the Global Environmental Research Fund (GERF) of the Ministry of the Environment (MOE) of Japan (A-071). MRI simulations have been made partly with the MRI supercomputer and partly with the NIES supercomputer. CMAM simulations were supported by the Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences and run on the Environment Canada Supercomputer. We acknowledge the modeling groups for making their simulations available for this analysis, the Chemistry-Climate Model Validation Activity (CCMVal) for WCRP’s (World Climate Research Programme) SPARC (Stratospheric Processes and their Role in Climate) project for organizing and coordinating the model data analysis activity, and the British Atmospheric Data Center (BADC) for collecting and archiving the CCMVal model output. Chiara Cagnazzo and Elisa Manzini are grateful to Antonio Navarra for useful discussions. We are thankful to John Austin for suggestions and discussions on the manuscript.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Middle atmosphere model; Southern oscillation; El-niño; Interactive chemistry; Simulations; Variability; Trends; Depletion; Teleconnections; Predictions
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
Sciences > Physics > Atmospheric physics
ID Code:25562
Deposited On:27 May 2014 10:18
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:05

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