Magnetic transitions in alpha-Fe_2O_3 nanowires



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Díaz-Guerra Viejo, Carlos and Pérez García, Lucas and Piqueras de Noriega, Javier and Chioncel, M. F. (2009) Magnetic transitions in alpha-Fe_2O_3 nanowires. Journal of Applied Physics, 106 (10). ISSN 0021-8979

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Magnetic transitions in single-crystal alpha-F_2O_3 (hematite) nanowires, grown by thermal oxidation of iron powder, have been studied in the range of 5-1023 K with a superconducting quantum interference device below room temperature and with a vibrating sample magnetometer at higher temperatures. The broad temperature range covered enables us to compare magnetic transitions in the nanowires with the transitions reported for bulk hematite. Morin temperatures (T-M) of the nanowires and of hematite bulk reference powder were found to be 123 and 263 K, respectively. Also the Neel temperature (T-N) of the nanowires, 852 K, was lower than the bulk T-N value. Measurements of the magnetization as a function of temperature show an enhanced signal in the nanowires, which suggests a decrease in the anti ferromagnetic coupling. A coercive field observed below T-M in the hysteresis loops of the nanowires is tentatively explained by the presence of a magnetic phase.

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©) 2009 American Institute of Physics.
This work has been supported by MEC through project Nos. MAT2006-01259 and MAT2007-65965-C02-02. High temperature VSM measurements have been carried out at CT-ISOM funded by the Spanish “Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación.”

Uncontrolled Keywords:Iron-Oxide, Arrays, Nanoparticles
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Materials
ID Code:25681
Deposited On:05 Jun 2014 18:12
Last Modified:13 Feb 2018 14:24

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