Membranes and theoretical modeling of membrane distillation: a review



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Khayet Souhaimi, Mohamed (2011) Membranes and theoretical modeling of membrane distillation: a review. Advances in colloid and interface science, 164 (01-feb). pp. 56-88. ISSN 0001-8686

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Membrane distillation (MD) is one of the non-isothermal membrane separation processes used in various applications such desalination, environmental/waste cleanup, food, etc. It is known since 1963 and is still being developed at laboratory stage for different purposes and not fully implemented in industry. An abrupt increase in the number of papers on MD membrane engineering (i.e. design, fabrication and testing in MD) is seen since only 6 years ago. The present paper offers a comprehensive MD state-of-the-art review covering a wide range of commercial membranes, MD membrane engineering, their MD performance, transport mechanisms, experimental and theoretical modeling of different MD configurations as well as recent developments in MD. Improved MD membranes with specific morphology, micro- and nanostructures are highly demanded. Membranes with different pore sizes, porosities, thicknesses and materials as well as novel structures are required in order to carry out systematic MD studies for better understanding mass transport in different MD configurations, thereby improving the MD performance and looking for MD industrialization.

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© 2010 Elsevier B.V. The author would like to thank Prof. Juan I. Mengual (may he rest in peace) from the Department of Applied Physics I, Faculty of Physics, University Complutense of Madrid (Spain) for introducing him in the fascinating field of MD and teaching him the first steps in MD and Prof. Takeshi Matsuura from the Industrial Membrane Research Institute (IMRI) in Ottawa (Canada) for his continued support and for introducing him in membrane engineering.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Hollow-Fiber Membranes, Air-Gap Membrane, Surface-Modifying Macromolecules, Hydrophobic Porous Membranes, Hydrophobic/Hydrophilic Composite Membranes, Monte-Carlo-Simulation, Pore-Size Distribution, Nonisothermal Water Transport, Flat-Sheet Membranes, Direct-Contact Md
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:26116
Deposited On:08 Jul 2014 11:54
Last Modified:12 Nov 2015 14:38

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