Dark energy: the absolute electric potential of the universe



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López Maroto, Antonio and Beltrán Jiménez, José (2009) Dark energy: the absolute electric potential of the universe. International Journal of Modern Physics D, 18 (14). pp. 2243-2248. ISSN 0218-2718

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0218271809015953


Is there an absolute cosmic electric potential? The recent discovery of the accelerated expansion of the universe could be indicating that this is certainly the case. In this essay we show that the consistency of the covariant and gauge-invariant theory of electromagnetism is truly questionable when considered on cosmological scales. Out of the four components of the electromagnetic field, Maxwell's theory contains only two physical degrees of freedom. However, in the presence of gravity, one of the "unphysical" states cannot be consistently eliminated, thus becoming real. This third polarization state is completely decoupled from charged matter, but can be excited gravitationally, thus breaking gauge invariance. On large scales the new state can be seen as a homogeneous cosmic electric potential, whose energy density behaves as a cosmological constant.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

© World Scientific Publ Co Pte Ltd. This work has been supported by the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Spain) projects FIS 2008-01323 and FPA 2008 00592, UCM-Santander PR34/07-15875, CAM/UCM 910309 and MEC grant BES-2006-12059.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects:Sciences > Physics
ID Code:26250
Deposited On:14 Jul 2014 16:30
Last Modified:31 Dec 2020 00:03

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