Monte Carlo simulation and experimental heat and mass transfer in direct contact membrane distillation



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Khayet Souhaimi, Mohamed and Imdakm, A. O. and Matsuura, T. (2010) Monte Carlo simulation and experimental heat and mass transfer in direct contact membrane distillation. International journal of heat and mass transfer, 53 (07-ago). pp. 1249-1259. ISSN 0017-9310

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A Monte Carlo (MC) simulation model is developed to study heat and mass transfer through hydrophobic membranes applying direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) process. In this study, the membrane pore space is described by a three-dimensional network model of inter-connected cylindrical pores with distributive pore size. Vapor flux through membrane pores is described by gas transport mechanism(s) based on the kinetic theory of gases. The present MC model can take into consideration the influence of temperature polarization phenomenon, membrane physical properties including pores interconnectivity and the DCMD fluid dynamic conditions. The developed model can simultaneously predict the DCMD process vapor flux and membrane surface temperatures, contrary to other models in which one of them has to be given in order to solve the other. The model is comprehensive in its approach and does not involve any adjustable parameter. The simulated results were compared with the experimental ones of different membranes and the comparisons were found to be in excellent qualitative and quantitative agreement.

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© 2009 Elsevier Ltd. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education (MEC) through its project No. FIS2006-05323 and the UCM-BSCH (Project GR58108, UCM group 910336).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Porous Partition, Transport, MD, Coefficients, Media, Flux, Flow
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:26344
Deposited On:21 Jul 2014 10:13
Last Modified:12 Nov 2015 14:49

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