Resonant Hawking radiation in Bose-Einstein condensates



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Sols Lucía, Fernando and Zapata, I. and Albert, M. and Parentani, R. (2011) Resonant Hawking radiation in Bose-Einstein condensates. New Journal of Physics, 13 . ISSN 1367-2630

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We study double-barrier interfaces separating regions of asymptotically subsonic and supersonic flow of Bose condensed atoms. These setups contain at least one black hole sonic horizon from which the analogue of Hawking radiation should be generated and emitted against the flow in the subsonic region. Multiple coherent scattering by the double-barrier structure strongly modulates the transmission probability of phonons, rendering it very sensitive to their frequency. As a result, resonant tunneling occurs with high probability within a few narrow frequency intervals. This gives rise to highly non-thermal spectra with sharp peaks. We find that these peaks are mostly associated with decaying resonances and only occasionally with dynamical instabilities. Even at achievable non-zero temperatures, the radiation peaks can be dominated by spontaneous emission, i.e. enhanced zero-point fluctuations, and not, as is often the case in analogue models, by stimulated emission.

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© IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.
We thank A Aspect, C Díaz Guerra, L Garay, P Leboeuf, N Pavloff, G V Shlyapnikov and C Westbrook for valuable discussions. This work was supported by the joint France–Spain Acción Integrada HF2008-0088 (PHC—Picasso Program). Support from MICINN (Spain) through grants FIS2007-65723 and FIS2010-21372, from Comunidad de Madrid through grant MICROSERES-CM (S2009/TIC-1476) and from the Swiss National Science Foundation is also acknowledged

Uncontrolled Keywords:Black-Hole Evaporation, Systems, Waves, Gases, Atoms
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Materials
ID Code:26489
Deposited On:05 Aug 2014 10:05
Last Modified:13 Feb 2018 19:15

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