Signal representation on the angular Poincare sphere, based on second-order moments



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Bastiaans, Martin J. and Alieva, Tatiana Krasheninnikova (2010) Signal representation on the angular Poincare sphere, based on second-order moments. Journal of The Optical Society Of America A-Optics Image Science and Vision, 27 (4). pp. 918-927. ISSN 1084-7529

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Based on the analysis of second-order moments, a generalized canonical representation of a two-dimensional optical signal is proposed, which is associated with the angular Poincare sphere. Vortex-free ( or zero-twist) optical beams arise on the equator of this sphere, while beams with a maximum vorticity ( or maximum twist) are located at the poles. An easy way is shown how the latitude on the sphere, which is a measure for the degree of vorticity, can be derived from the second-order moments. The latitude is invariant when the beam propagates through a first-order optical system between conjugate planes. To change the vorticity of a beam, a system that does not operate between conjugate planes is needed, with the gyrator as the prime representative of such a system. A direct way is derived to find an optical system ( consisting of a lens, a magnifier, a rotator, and a gyrator) that transforms a beam with an arbitrary moment matrix into its canonical form.

Item Type:Article
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© 2010 Optical Society of America. The financial support of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation under project TEC2008-04105 and the Santander-Complutense project PR-34/07-15914 is acknowledged.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Schell-model beams, Wigner distribution function, Partially coherent beams, 1st-order optical-systems, Light-beams, Decomposition, Vortex, Transformation, Propagation, Spectrum
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Optics
ID Code:27489
Deposited On:01 Dec 2014 10:50
Last Modified:01 Dec 2014 10:50

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