Reduced hardness at the onset of plasticity in nanoindented titanium dioxide



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Navarro, V. and Rodríguez de la Fuente, Óscar and Mascaraque Susunaga, Arantzazu and Rojo Alaminos, Juan Manuel (2008) Reduced hardness at the onset of plasticity in nanoindented titanium dioxide. Physical Review B, 78 (22). ISSN 1098-0121

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Titanium dioxide rutile crystals have been nanoindented and studied by a combination of atomic force microscopy imaging and analysis of force vs penetration curves. In all the experiments, gold crystals have been used as a reference. A concept of nanoindentation effective volume is introduced to differentiate the bulk behavior from that of a small defect-free volume around the indentation. In the latter volume, a reversible Hertzian elastic stage is identified with a Young modulus comparable to that of the bulk. At higher loads, an incipient plastic range is recognized in which the load is linear on the penetration and permanent traces are left behind at the surface upon tip retraction. In that range, the hardness is constant, about five times smaller than the yield strength and more than three times smaller than the corresponding bulk value. This reduced hardness is explained in terms of the operation of dislocation sources with a low-energy barrier.

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© 2008 The American Physical Society.
The authors acknowledge financial support from the Comunidad de Madrid Project No. CAM-S-0505/PPQ/0316, from Santander-UCM Project No.PR27/05-13926, and from the Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia Project No. MAT2006-13149-C02-01.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Mechanical-properties, Single-crystals, Indentation, Ceramics, Surfaces, Rutile, Load
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Materials
ID Code:28304
Deposited On:16 Feb 2015 11:21
Last Modified:11 Mar 2022 17:49

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