Beacon system based on light-emitting diode sources for runways lighting



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González Montes, Mario and Vázquez Molini, Daniel and Álvarez Fernández-Balbuena, Antonio and Bernabeu Martínez, Eusebio (2014) Beacon system based on light-emitting diode sources for runways lighting. Optical engineering, 53 (6). 066104-1-066104-8. ISSN 0091-3286

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New aeronautical ground lighting techniques are becoming increasingly important to ensure the safety and reduce the maintenance costs of the plane's tracks. Until recently, tracks had embedded lighting systems whose sources were based on incandescent lamps. But incandescent lamps have several disadvantages: high energy consumption and frequent breakdowns that result in high maintenance costs (lamp average life-time is similar to 1500 operating hours) and the lamp's technology has a lack of new lighting functions, such as signal handling and modification. To solve these problems, the industry has developed systems based on light-emitting diode (LED) technology with improved features: (1) LED lighting consumes one tenth the power, (2) it improves preventive maintenance (an LED's lifetime range is between 25,000 and 100,000 hours), and (3) LED lighting technology can be controlled remotely according to the needs of the track configuration. LEDs have been in use for more than three decades, but only recently, around 2002, have they begun to be used as visual aids, representing the greatest potential change for airport lighting since their inception in the 1920s. Currently, embedded LED systems are not being broadly used due to the specific constraints of the rules and regulations of airports (beacon dimensions, power system technology, etc.). The fundamental requirements applied to embedded lighting systems are to be hosted on a volume where the dimensions are usually critical and also to integrate all the essential components for operation. An embedded architecture that meets the lighting regulations for airport runways is presented. The present work is divided into three main tasks: development of an optical system to optimize lighting according to International Civil Aviation Organization, manufacturing prototype, and model validation.

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Copyright 2014 Society of Photo Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited. The work presented in this paper has been developed by the UCM in charge of Instalaza company under the scope of Eureka project 3456 E3L (Embedded Led Landing Light), and specific aims to develop a airport lighting system based on LED technology sources that complies with International Civil Aviation Organization requirements. The beacon prototype began to be produced by Instalaza company at the end of 2010 and the experimental validation has been carried out by the Applied Optics group of the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM). Authors acknowledge to Lambda Research Corporation the donation of TracePro for their work.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Lighting, Signaling, Beacon system, Runways lighting, Light-emitting diode lighting
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Optics
ID Code:28463
Deposited On:20 Feb 2015 19:26
Last Modified:14 Feb 2022 09:08

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