Non-circular motion evidence in the circumnuclear region of M100 (NGC 4321)



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Castillo Morales, África and Jiménez Vicente, J. and Mediavilla, E. and Battaner, E. (2007) Non-circular motion evidence in the circumnuclear region of M100 (NGC 4321). Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 380 (2). pp. 489-498. ISSN 0035-8711

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We analyse new integral-field spectroscopy of the inner region (central 2.5 kpc) of the spiral galaxy NGC 4321 to study the peculiar kinematics of this region. Fourier analysis of the velocity residuals obtained by subtracting an axisymmetric rotation model from the H alpha velocity field indicates that the distortions are global features generated by an m = 2 perturbation of the gravitational potential which can be explained by the nuclear bar. This bar has been previously observed in the near-infrared but not in the optical continuum dominated by star formation. We detect the optical counterpart of this bar in the 2D distribution of the old stellar population (inferred from the equivalent width map of the stellar absorption lines). We apply the Tremaine-Weinberg method to the stellar velocity field to calculate the pattern speed of the inner bar, obtaining a value of Omega(b) = 160 +/- 70 km s(-1) kpc(-1). This value is considerably larger than the one obtained when a simple bar model is considered. However, the uncertainties in the pattern speed determination prevent us from giving support to alternative scenarios.

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This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 RAS. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. This paper has been supported by the ‘Plan Andaluz de Investigación’ (FQM-108) and by the ‘Secretaría de Estado de Política Científica y Tecnológica’ (AYA2000-2046-C02-01, AYA2004- 08251-C02-02, ESP2004-06870-CO2-02). This research has made use of the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. We have used observations made with the NASA/ESA HST, obtained from the data archive at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI). STScI is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. J. Jiménez Vicente acknowledges support from the Consejería de Educación y Ciencia de la Junta de Andalucía. A. Castillo Morales acknowledges the support from Universidad Complutense de Madrid (AYA2003-01676). We thank J. Knapen and A. Zurita for their help with the astrometric calibration of our images. We also acknowledge the support of the RTN Euro3D: ‘Promoting 3D spectroscopy in Europe’. Thanks to the anonymous referee for valuable comments and suggestions that have contributed to improve this paper.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Tremaine-Weinberg-method; Ionized-gas kinematics; Spiral galaxies; Star-formation; Pattern speed; NGC 4321; Bidimensional spectroscopy; Velocity-field; Molecular gas; Grand design
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
ID Code:30433
Deposited On:01 Jun 2015 10:31
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:05

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