Cation size effects in oxygen ion dynamics of highly disordered pyrochlore-type ionic conductors



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Díaz Guillén, M. R. and Moreno, K. J. and Díaz Guillén, J. A. and Fuentes, A .F. and Naval, K. L. Ngai and Garcia Barriocanal, Javier and Santamaría Sánchez-Barriga, Jacobo and León Yebra, Carlos (2008) Cation size effects in oxygen ion dynamics of highly disordered pyrochlore-type ionic conductors. Physical review B, 78 (10). ISSN 1098-0121

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In this work we evaluate the effect of cation size on the dc activation energy needed for oxygen ion migration, E_(dc), in highly disordered pyrochlore-type ionic conductors A_(2)B_(2)O_(7). Twenty six compositions with the general formula, Ln_(2)Zr_(2−y)Ti_(y)O_(7), Ln_(1.7)Mg_(0.3)Zr_(2)O_(7) (Ln=Y, Dy, and Gd), and Gd_(2−y)La_(y)Zr_(2)O_(7), were prepared by mechanical milling, and their electrical properties were measured by using impedance spectroscopy as a function of frequency and temperature. By using the coupling model we also examine the effect of cation radii R_(A) and R_(B) on the microscopic potential-energy barrier, E_(a), which oxygen ions encounter when hopping into neighboring vacant sites. We find that, for a fixed B-site-cation radius R_(B), both activation energies decrease with increasing A-site-cation size, R_(A), as a consequence of the increase in the unit-cell volume. In contrast, for a given R_(A) size, the E_(dc) of the Ln_(2)Zr_(2−y)Ti_(y)O_(7) series increases when the average R_(B) size increases. This behavior is associated with enhanced interactions among mobile oxygen ions as the structural disorder increases with R_(B).

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© 2008 The American Physical Society. This work has been carried out with the financial support of Mexican Conacyt Grant No. SEP-2003-C02-44075 and Spanish MCYT Contracts No. MAT2005-06024-C02 and No. MAT2008-06517-C02. M.R.D.G. thanks Conacyt for financial support. K.L. Ngai was supported in part by ONR under Program Element and Project 61153N.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Electrical relaxation; Constituent oxides; Coupling model; Spin ice; Conductivity; Migration; Diffusion; Gd_(2)Ti_(2)O_(7); Glasses; Melts.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electricity
Sciences > Physics > Electronics
ID Code:30491
Deposited On:29 May 2015 08:56
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 14:58

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