Particle interactions in liquid magnetic colloids by zero field cooled measurements: effects on heating efficiency



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Presa Muñoz del Toro, Patricia de la and Luengo, Y. and Velasco, V. and Morales, P. M. and Iglesias, M. and Veintemillas-Verdaguer, S. and Crespo del Arco, Patricia and Hernando Grande, Antonio (2015) Particle interactions in liquid magnetic colloids by zero field cooled measurements: effects on heating efficiency. Journal of physical chemistry C, 119 (20). pp. 11023-11030. ISSN 1932-7447

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The influence of magnetic interactions in assemblies formed by either aggregated or disaggregated uniform gamma-Fe_2O_3 particles are investigated as a function of particle size, concentration, and applied field. Hyperthermia and magnetization measurements are performed in the liquid phase of colloids consisting of 8 and 13 nm uniform gamma-Fe_2O_3 particles dispersed in water and hexane. Although hexane allows the disagglomerated obtaining particle system; aggregation is observed in the case of water colloids. The zero field cooled (ZFC) curves show a discontinuity in the magnetization values associated with the melting points of water and hexane. Additionally, for 13 nm gamma-Fe_2O_3 dispersed in hexane, a second magnetization jump is observed that depends on particle concentration and shifts toward lower temperature by increasing applied field. This second jump is related to the strength of the magnetic interactions as it is only present in disagglomerated particle systems with the largest size, i.e., is not observed for 8 nm superparamagnetic particles, and surface effects can be discarded. The specific absorption rate (SAR) decreases with increasing concentration only for the hexane colloid, whereas for aqueous colloids, the SAR is almost independent of particle concentration. Our results suggest that, as a consequence of the magnetic interactions, the dipolar field acting on large particles increases with concentration, leading to a decrease of the SAR.

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© 2015 American Chemical Society.
This work was supported by grants from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, MAT2012-37109-C02-01 and MAT2011-23641, Madrid Regional Government, S009/MAT- 1726, and Fundacion Mutua Madrileñaa (Spain).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Gamma-Fe_2O_3 nanoparticles; Hyperthermia response; Oxide nanoparticles; Absorption rate; Size; Cancer
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Materials
ID Code:31316
Deposited On:29 Jul 2015 10:20
Last Modified:21 May 2016 23:01

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