Multiwavelength optical observations of chromospherically active binary systems. 1. Simultaneous H alpha, Na I D_1, D_2, and He I D_3 observations



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Montes Gutiérrez, David and Fernández Figueroa, María José and Castro Rubio, Elisa de and Sanz Forcada, J. (1997) Multiwavelength optical observations of chromospherically active binary systems. 1. Simultaneous H alpha, Na I D_1, D_2, and He I D_3 observations. Astronomy & astrophysics supplement series, 125 (2). pp. 263-287. ISSN 0365-0138

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This is the first paper of a series aimed at studying the chromosphere of active binary systems using the information provided for several optical spectroscopic features. Simultaneous H_α, Na I D_1, D_2, and He I D_3 spectroscopic observations are reported here for 18 systems. The chromospheric contribution in these Lines have been determined using the spectral subtraction technique. Very broad wings have been found in the subtracted H_α profile of some of the more active stars. These profiles are well matched using a two-components Gaussian fit (narrow and broad) and the broad component could be interpreted as arising from microflaring. Prominence-like extended material have been detected in a near-eclipse H_α observation of the system AR Lac. The excess emission found in the Na I D_1 and D_2 lines by application of the spectral subtraction technique and the behaviour of the H_α line in the corresponding simultaneous observations indicate that the filling-in of the core of these lines is a chromospheric activity indicator. For giant stars of the sample the He I D_3 line has been detected in absorption in the subtracted spectra. An optical flare has been detected in UX Ari and II Peg through the presence of the He I D_3 in emission incoincidence with the enhancement of the H_α emission.

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© 1997 EDP Sciences.
This work has been supported by the Universidad Complutense de Madrid and the Spanish Dirección General de Investigación Científica y Técnica (DGICYT) under grant PB94-0263. We would like to thank the referee S. Catalano for suggesting several improvements and clarifications.
Based on observations made with the Isaac Newton telescope operated on the island of La Palma by the Royal Greenwich Observatory at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de Los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Main-sequence stars; CA-II-H; RS-canum-venaticorum; High-resolution spectrograph; Dwarf flare stars; CVN system; Line; Emission; Lacertae; Pegasi
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
ID Code:32480
Deposited On:04 Aug 2015 08:00
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:05

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