Morningness-eveningness and anxiety among adults: a matter of sex/gender?



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Díaz Morales, Juan Francisco and Sánchez López, María Pilar (2008) Morningness-eveningness and anxiety among adults: a matter of sex/gender? Personality and Individual Differences, 44 (6). pp. 1391-1401. ISSN 0191-8869

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People’s health and well-being may be determined by the interaction of endogenous and external rhythms. Late chronotypes should become anxious because of the demand to perform tasks in a society oriented preferentially to morning work. In this study, we examined the relationship between morningness and anxiety in 559 adults (age range 40–63 years) from rural environments who completed morningness–eveningness and anxiety measures. Results indicated a negative correlation between morningness and anxiety in women, but not in men, suggesting the relevance of gender-related variables. When demographic characteristics were considered, women’s anxiety was predicted by low educational level and eveningness, whereas men’s anxiety was predicted by being single, having children, being unemployed, and eveningness. Some hypotheses of gender-related social roles are postulated as a possible explanation of the results.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Morningness–eveningness, Anxiety, Gender, Sex
Subjects:Medical sciences > Psychology > Differential psychology
Medical sciences > Psychology > Ability and intelligence
Medical sciences > Psychology > Personality
ID Code:32579
Deposited On:14 Jul 2016 11:14
Last Modified:27 Jun 2017 12:18

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