Coherent ratchets in driven Bose-Einstein condensates



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Creffield, Charles E. and Sols Lucía, Fernando (2009) Coherent ratchets in driven Bose-Einstein condensates. Physical review letters, 103 (20). ISSN 0031-9007

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We study the response of a Bose-Einstein condensate to an unbiased periodic driving potential. By controlling the space and time symmetries of the driving we show how a directed current can be induced, producing a coherent quantum ratchet. Weak driving induces a regular behavior, and space and time symmetries must both be broken to produce a current. For strong driving, the behavior becomes chaotic and the resulting effective irreversibility means that it is unnecessary to explicitly break time symmetry. Spatial asymmetry alone is then sufficient to produce the ratchet effect, even in the absence of interactions, and although the system remains completely coherent

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© 2009 The American Physical Society.
This work was supported by MICINN (Spain) through Grant No. FIS-2007-65723 and the Ramón y Cajal Program (CEC). The authors thank Ferruccio Renzoni,Tania Monteiro, and Peter Reimann for stimulating discussions.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Brownian motors; Transport
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Materials
Sciences > Physics > Solid state physics
ID Code:33101
Deposited On:11 Sep 2015 15:25
Last Modified:11 Sep 2015 15:25

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