Photometric scaling relations of antitruncated stellar discs in S0-Scd galaxies



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Eliche Moral, María del Carmen and Borlaff, Alejandro and Beckman, John E. and Gutiérrez, Leonel (2015) Photometric scaling relations of antitruncated stellar discs in S0-Scd galaxies. Astronomy and astrophysics, 580 . ISSN 0004-6361

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Context. It has been recently found that the characteristic photometric parameters of anti-truncated discs in SO galaxies follow tight scaling relations. Aims. We investigate whether similar scaling relations are satisfied by galaxies of other morphological types. Methods. We have analysed the trends in several photometric planes relating the characteristic surface brightness and scalelengths of the breaks and the inner and miter discs of local anti-truncated S0-Scd galaxies, using published data and fits performed to the surface brightness profiles of two samples of Type-III galaxies in the R and Spitzer 3.6 μm bands. We have performed linear his to the correlations followed by different galaxy types in each plane, as well as several statistical tests to determine their significance. Results. We have found that 1) the anti-truncated discs of all galaxy types from Sa to Scd obey tight scaling relations both in R and 3.6 μm, as observed in S0s, 2) the majority of these correlations are significant accounting for the numbers of the available data samples; 3) the trends are clearly linear when the characteristic scalelengths are plotted on a logarithmic scale; and 4) the correlations relating the characteristic surface brightnesses of the inner and outer discs and the breaks with the various characteristic scalelengths significantly improve when the scalelengths are normalized to the optical radius of the galaxy. The observational uncertainties prevent us from discerning robustly whether the trends differ between the different types and bands, but we do not find statistical evidence of significant differences between the distributions of S0s and spirals or of barred and unbarred galaxies. These results suggest that the scaling relations of Type-III discs are independent of the morphological type and the presence (or absence) of bars within the observational uncertainties of the available datasets. However, larger and deeper samples are required to confirm this. Conclusions. The tight structural coupling implied by these scaling relations imposes strong constraints on the mechanisms proposed to explain the formation of anti-truncated stellar discs in the galaxies across the whole Hubble sequence.

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© ESO 2015. The authors thank the anonymous referee for the provided input that helped to improve this publication significantly. We acknowledge the usage of the HyperLeda database ( This research has made use of the NASA Astrophysics Data System and NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED). Supported by the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad del Gobierno de España (MINECO) under project AYA2012-31277, the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias under project P3/86, and the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología de Mexico (CONACYT) under project 167236. J.E.B. acknowledges financial support to the DAGAL network from the People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Unions Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2013/ under REA grant agreement number PITN-GA-2011-289313.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Surface-brightness profiles; Spitzer survey; Minor mergers; Barred galaxies; Galactic disks; Asymmetry origin; Spiral galaxies; Outer regions; S0 formation; Bulge
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
ID Code:33776
Deposited On:27 Oct 2015 14:17
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:05

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