Comparing methods of determining addition in presbyopes



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Antona Peñalba, Beatriz and Barra Lázaro, Francisco and Barrio de Santos, Ana Rosa and Gutiérrez Hernández, Ángel Luis and Piedrahita Alonso, Mª Elena and Martín Pérez, Yolanda (2008) Comparing methods of determining addition in presbyopes. Clinical and Experimental Optometry, 91 (3). pp. 313-318. ISSN 0816-4622

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Background: The use of plus lenses to compensate for the reduction in the range of accommodation associated with presbyopia, brings the near point of accommodation to a comfortable distance for near visual tasks. Our aim was to compare the tentative near addition determined using the most common procedures with the final addition prescribed in presbyopic patients.
Methods: Sixty-nine healthy subjects with a mean age of 51.0 years (range 40 to 60 years) were studied. Tentative near additions were determined using seven different techniques: dynamic retinoscopy, amplitude of accommodation (AA), age-expected addition, binocular fused cross-cylinder with and without myopisation, near duochrome, and balance of negative and positive relative accommodation. The power of the addition was then refined to arrive at the final addition.
Results: The mean tentative near additions were higher than the final addition for every procedure except for the fused cross-cylinder without initial myopisation and ageexpected addition methods. These biases were small in clinical terms (less than 0.25 D) with the exception of the AA procedure (0.34 D). The intervals between the 95% limits of agreement differed substantially and were always higher than ±0.50 D.
Conclusions: All the techniques used displayed similar behaviour and provided a tentative addition close to the final addition. Due to the wide agreement intervals observed, the likelihood of error is high and supports the idea that any tentative addition has to be adjusted according to the particular needs of each patient. Among the methods examined here, we would recommend the age-expected procedure, as this technique produced results that correlated best with the final addition.

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Es la versión posprint. "This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: "Comparing methods of determining addition in presbyopes", which has been published in final form at []. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving."
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Uncontrolled Keywords:Accommodation, Near Addition, Presbyopia, Tentative addition
Subjects:Medical sciences > Optics > Optometry
Medical sciences > Optics > Visual perception
ID Code:34126
Deposited On:05 Nov 2015 16:12
Last Modified:11 Nov 2015 08:58

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