Characterisation of agricultural residues used as a source of fibres for fibre-cement production



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Jarabo, R and Monte Lara, M. Concepción and Blanco Suárez, Ángeles and Negro Álvarez, Carlos Manuel and Tijero Miquel, Julio (2012) Characterisation of agricultural residues used as a source of fibres for fibre-cement production. Industrial Crops and Products, 36 (1). pp. 14-21. ISSN 0926-6690 (Print) , 1872-633x (Online)

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Nowadays, certain components of non-wood annual plants such as corn stalk and industrial hemp core are considered waste materials or used in low value applications; both by-products have a very low cost. On the other hand, given the large quantities of these materials generated worldwide and their renewable character, it is reasonable to explore new routes for their exploitation. The aim of this paper is to study the potential of both corn stalk (Zea Mays L.) and industrial hemp core (Cannabis Sativa L.) fibres as a renewable source of cellulose fibres in the production of fibre-cement. For each source of fibres, a number of chemical cooking treatments were studied. The morphological properties of the fibres were determined using a scanning electron microscope and a fibre and pulp morphological analyser. Pulp refining was carried out in a PFI mill to improve the characteristics of the fibres. In the case of corn fibres, different degrees of refining were applied. The fibre flocculation process was investigated using several polyacrylamides. The process was studied by monitoring the chord size distribution in real time by means of a focused beam reflectance measurement probe.
The results indicated both pulps can be used for the production of fibre-cement, having the two types of pulp morphological similarities with the pine fibres currently used.
Through the flocculation process it was concluded the floc size depends on the length of the fibres.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cannabis Sativa L.; Zea Mays L; natural fibres; fibre-cement; morphological characterisation
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Waste products
ID Code:34415
Deposited On:04 Dec 2015 11:24
Last Modified:07 Dec 2015 09:33

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