Northwest Pacific typhoons documented by the Philippine Jesuits, 1566-1900



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García Herrera, Ricardo and Ribera, Pedro and Hernández Martín, Emiliano and Gimeno, Luis (2007) Northwest Pacific typhoons documented by the Philippine Jesuits, 1566-1900. Journal of geophysical research-atmospheres, 112 . ISSN 2169-897X

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In recent years, the population and the value of properties in areas prone to tropical cyclone (TC) have increased dramatically. This has caused more attention to be placed on the characterization of TC climatologies and the identification of the role that factors such as the main teleconnection patterns may play in TC variability. Due to the timescales involved, the instrumental records have proven too short to provide a complete picture. Thus, documentary and other paleoclimatological techniques have been used to reconstruct TC occurrence. This has been done mostly for the Atlantic basin, whereas in the Pacific basin, fewer attempts have been made. The aim of this paper is to provide a high-resolution chronology of typhoons and intense storms occurring in the Philippine Islands and their vicinity for the period 1566-1900. The chronology is based upon the writings of the Spanish Jesuit Miguel Selga, who produced the original work at the beginning of the 20th century. The sources, reliability, and completeness of the chronology are examined critically. A total of 652 events are included, 524 of which are reported as typhoons, the rest being considered as tropical storms. For each of these classes, the landfall location and the track (when sufficient information is available) have been drawn. This chronology is an indispensable step toward a final and complete typhoon record in the western Pacific basin.

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© 2007 by the American Geophysical Union.
This paper was partially supported by the Risk Prediction Initiative, under grant RPI02-2-009. The authors wish to thank F. Koek for providing a copy of the original Selga paper. A. Udías discussed enthusiastically part of the manuscript and provided material to understand the Jesuits’ role in the meteorological observations in the Philippines. D. Wheeler and C. Wilkinson provided records of the English logbooks. Three anonymous reviewers provided useful suggestions that improved the original manuscript.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Quasi-biennial oscillation; Tropical cyclone activity; Atlantic hurricanes; Frequency; Landfalls; Guangdong; Trends; Record; China; Enso
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
ID Code:34759
Deposited On:09 Dec 2015 17:53
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:05

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