Impacts of the Atlantic Equatorial Mode in a warmer climate



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Mohino Harris, Elsa and Losada Doval, Teresa (2015) Impacts of the Atlantic Equatorial Mode in a warmer climate. Climate dynamics, 45 (7). pp. 2255-2271. ISSN 0930-7575

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The main source of sea surface temperature (SST) variability in the Tropical Atlantic at interannual time scales is the Equatorial Mode or Atlantic El Niño. It has been shown to affect the adjacent continents and also remote regions, leading to a weakened Indian Monsoon and promoting La Niña-type anomalies over the Pacific. However, its effects in a warmer climate are unknown. This work analyses the impact of the Equatorial Mode at the end of the twenty first century by means of sensitivity experiments with an atmosphere general circulation model. The prescribed boundary conditions for the future climate are based on the outputs from models participating in the coupled model intercomparison project-phase V. Our results suggest that even if the characteristics of the Equatorial Mode at the end of the twenty first century remained equal to those of the twentieth century, there will be an eastward shift of the main rainfall positive anomalies in the Tropical Atlantic and a weakening of the negative rainfall anomalies over the Asian monsoon due to the change in climatological SSTs. We also show that extratropical surface temperature anomalies over land related to the mode will change in regions like Southwestern Europe, East Australia, Asia or North America due to the eastward shift of the sea level pressure systems and related surface winds.

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© The Author(s) 2015.
© Springer Verlag 2015.
The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no 603521. This work was also supported by the Spanish project CGL2012-38923-C02-01. We acknowledge the World Climate Research Programme's Working Group on Coupled Modelling, which is responsible for CMIP, and we thank the climate modeling groups (listed in Table 2 of this paper) for producing and making available their model output. For CMIP the U.S. Department of Energy's Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison provides coordinating support and led development of software infrastructure in partnership with the Global Organization for Earth System Science Portals. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Rossby-wave propagation; Sea-surface temperature; Steady linear-response; West-african monsoon; Tropical atlantic; El-nino; Interannual variability; Deep convection; Pacific; Ocean
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Geophysics
Sciences > Physics > Meteorology
ID Code:34944
Deposited On:11 Jan 2016 13:55
Last Modified:18 Jan 2016 12:57

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