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GALEX observations of the ultraviolet halos of NGC 253 and M82



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Gil de Paz, Armando and otros, ... (2005) GALEX observations of the ultraviolet halos of NGC 253 and M82. Astrophysical journal, 619 (1). L99-L102. ISSN 0004-637X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/423032


We present Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) images of the prototypical edge-on starburst galaxies M82 and NGC 253. Our initial analysis is restricted to the complex of ultraviolet (UV) filaments in the starburst-driven outflows in the galaxy halos. The UV luminosities in the halo are too high to be provided by continuum and line emission from shock-heated or photoionized gas, except perhaps in the brightest filaments in M82, suggesting that most of the UV light is the stellar continuum of the starburst scattered into our line of sight by dust in the outflow. This interpretation agrees with previous results from optical imaging polarimetry in M82. The observed luminosity of the halo UV light is lesssim0.1% of the bolometric luminosity of the starburst. The morphology of the UV filaments in both galaxies shows a high degree of spatial correlation with Hα and X-ray emission. This indicates that these outflows contain cold gas and dust, some of which may be vented into the intergalactic medium (IGM). UV light is seen in the "Hα cap" 11 kpc north of M82. If this cap is a result of the wind fluid running into a preexisting gas cloud, the gas cloud contains dust and is not primordial in nature, but was probably stripped from M82 or M81. If starburst winds efficiently expel dust into the IGM, this could have significant consequences for the observation of cosmologically distant objects.

Item Type:Article
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© 2005. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Artículo firmado por 28 autores. We appreciate the helpful comments from the referee, Giuseppe Gavazzi. We thank Daniela Calzetti, Cristina Popescu, and Richard Tuffs for useful suggestions, and René Walterbos and Bruce Greenawalt for their part in obtaining and reducing the Hα data. GALEX (Galaxy Evolution Explorer) is a NASA small explorer launched in 2003 April. We gratefully acknowledge NASA’s support for construction, operation, and science analysis for the GALEX mission, developed in cooperation with the Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales of France and the Korean Ministry of Science and Technology. The grating, window, and aspheric corrector were supplied by France. We acknowledge the dedicated team of engineers, technicians, and administrative staff from JPL/Caltech, Orbital Sciences Corporation, University of California-Berkeley, Laboratory Astrophysique Marseille, and the other institutions that made this mission possible.

Uncontrolled Keywords:X-ray-emission; Lyman break galaxies; Diffuse ionized-gas; Hα emission; Starburst galaxies; Star-formation; Chandra observations; Galactic superwinds; Dust; Extinction
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
ID Code:36006
Deposited On:29 Feb 2016 15:29
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:05

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