Subsurface temperatures during the last millennium: Model and observation



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Beltrami, Hugo and González Rouco, J. Fidel and Stevens, M. Bruce (2006) Subsurface temperatures during the last millennium: Model and observation. Geophysical research letters, 33 (9). ISSN 0094-8276

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General Circulation Models (GCMs) used to distinguish anthropogenic forcing of the Earth's past climate from its natural variability need to be validated by observations. The GCM ECHO-g was used to produce three millennial simulations of the Earth's climate. Two simulations include changes in anthropogenic and natural external forcing factors through the last millennium, differing only in their initial conditions, and a control run with constant external forcing representing internal variability. Since the ground contains a record of long-term trends in SAT, we use borehole temperatures in Canada, grouped into regions, as a record of past climate. The regional average SATs from ECHO-g were used to solve the forward subsurface thermal profile, and compared with the underground temperature anomalies observed at each region. In all cases simulated subsurface anomalies from the forced simulations are in better agreement with observations than those from the control simulation.

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Copyright 2006 by the American Geophysical Union. This research was funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), the Atlantic Innovation Fund (AIF), and project CGL2005-06097 of the Spanish MEC. Part of this work was carried out while JFGR was a James Chair Professor at STFX.

Uncontrolled Keywords:1000-yr control simulation; Surface air-temperature; Coupled climate model; Echo-G; Geothermal measurements; Borehole temperatures; Internal variability; Northern-hemisphere; Eastern Canada; Reconstructions
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
ID Code:36536
Deposited On:01 Apr 2016 14:44
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:05

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