Hα emission fluxes and lithium abundances of low-mass stars in the young open cluster IC 4665



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Martín, E. L. and Montes Gutiérrez, David (1997) Hα emission fluxes and lithium abundances of low-mass stars in the young open cluster IC 4665. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 318 (3). pp. 805-811. ISSN 0004-6361

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Official URL: http://aa.springer.de/papers/7318003/2300805.pdf


As part of a long term effort to understand pre-main sequence Li burning, we have obtained high resolution spectroscopic observations of 14 late type stars (G0-M1) in the young open cluster IC 4665. Most of the stars have Hα filled-in and Li I absorption, as expected for their young age. From the equivalent widths of Hα emission excess (obtained using the spectral subtraction technique) and the the Li i λ6708 feature, we have derived Hα emission fluxes and photospheric Li abundances. The mean Li abundance of IC 4665 solar-type stars is log N(Li) = 3.1; the same as in other young clusters (α Per, Pleiades) and T Tauri stars. Our results support the conclusions from previous works that PMS Li depletion is very small for masses ∼ 1 M_⨀ . Among the IC 4665 late-G and early K-type stars, there is a spread in Li abundances of about one order of magnitude. The Li-poor IC 4665 members have low Hα excess and vsini≤10. Hence, the Li-activity-rotation connection which has been clearly established in the Pleiades also seems to hold in IC 4665. One M-type IC 4665 star that we have observed does not show Li, implying a very efficient Li depletion as observed in α Per stars of the same spectral type. The level of chromospheric activity and Li depletion among the low-mass stars of IC 4665 is similar to that in the Pleiades. In fact, we note that the Li abundance distributions in several young clusters (α Per, Pleiades, IC 2391, IC 4665) and in post T Tauri stars are strikingly similar. This result suggests that Hα emission and Li abundance not well correlated with age for low-mass stars between 20 and 100 Myr old. We argue that a finer age indicator, the ''LL-clock'', would be the luminosity at which the transition between efficient Li depletion and preservation takes place for fully convective objects. The LL-clock could allow in the near future to derive the relative ages of young open clusters, and clarify the study of PMS evolution of cool stars.

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© EDP Sciencies.
Based on observations made with the Isaac Newton telescope, operated on the island of La Palma by the Royal Greenwich Observatory in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, and with the 3.5 m telescope of the German-Spanish Calar Alto Observatory.
It is a pleasure to thank Artemio Herrero and the staff of the Isaac Newton telescope for helping us to carry out the observations. DM acknowledges the support by the Spanish Dirección General de Investigación Científica y Técnica (DGICYT) under grant PB94-0263. E.M. acknowledges financial support from EU grant ERBCHBG-CT93-0315 for visiting FORTH in Heraklion (Crete) during 1995.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Chromospherically active binaries; Main-sequence Stars; IC-4665; Dwarfs
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
ID Code:37924
Deposited On:27 May 2016 15:19
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:05

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