Visual Discrimination Increase by Yellow Filters in Retinitis Pigmentosa



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Cedrún Sánchez, Juan Enrique and Chamorro Gutiérrez, Eva and Bonnin Arias, Cristina and Aguirre Vilacoro, Victoria and Castro, José J. and Sanchez Ramos, Celia (2016) Visual Discrimination Increase by Yellow Filters in Retinitis Pigmentosa. Optometry and Vision Science . ISSN 1040-5488 (In Press)

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PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate, by halometry and under low illumination conditions, the effects of short-wavelength light absorbance filters on visual discrimination capacity in retinitis pigmentosa patients. METHODS: This was an observational, prospective, analytic, and transversal study on 109 eyes of 57 retinitis pigmentosa patients with visual acuity better than 1.25 logMAR. Visual disturbance index (VDI) was determined using the software Halo 1.0, with and without the interposition of filters which absorb (totally or partially) short-wavelength light between 380 and 500 nm. RESULTS: A statistically significant reduction in the VDI values determined using filters which absorb short-wavelength light was observed (p < 0.0001). The established VDIs in patients with VA logMAR <0.4 were 0.30 ± 0.05 (95% CI, 0.26–0.36) for the lens alone, 0.20 ± 0.04 (95% CI, 0.16–0.24) with the filter that completely absorbs wavelengths shorter than 450 nm, and 0.24 ± 0.04 (95% CI, 0.20–0.28) with the filter that partially absorbs wavelengths shorter than 450 nm, which implies a 20 to 33% visual discrimination capacity increase. In addition, a decrease of VDI in at least one eye was observed in more than 90% of patients when using a filter. CONCLUSIONS: Short-wavelength light absorbance filters increase visual discrimination capacity under low illumination conditions in retinitis pigmentosa patients. Use of such filters constitutes a suitable method to improve visual quality related to intraocular light visual disturbances under low illumination conditions in this group of patients. © 2016 American Academy of Optometry

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Received June 28, 2015; accepted April 29, 2016.

Uncontrolled Keywords:visual discrimination capacity ; light visual disturbances ; halo ; disability glare ; retinitis pigmentosa ; short-wavelength ; light absorbing filters ; low illumination ; Yellow filter
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Ophtalmology
Medical sciences > Optics > Low vision
Medical sciences > Optics > Visual perception
ID Code:38675
Deposited On:27 Sep 2016 10:30
Last Modified:28 Sep 2016 07:48

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