Applied evaluative conditionnig: prevention of homophobia in a School Context



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Cabezas González, Almudena and Baron, Susan (2015) Applied evaluative conditionnig: prevention of homophobia in a School Context. Romanian Journal of Experimental Applied Psychology, 6 (3). pp. 19-35. ISSN 2069-1971

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The evaluative conditioning paradigm was applied to prevent homophobia in secondary school education. It was an institutional intervention; all professionals who conducted the program were either teachers or staff. This was a key aspect to implementing the program and the necessary coordination. All intervention was inserted into an educational program which had been previously established to prevent bullying. Pre and post treatment measurements were performed. It started from a baseline with two indicators: homophobic attitudes meassured by visual analogue scales (VAs) in school situations, and the homophobic behavior, measured by the number of incidents (punished homophobic behaviours). It was performed with the methodology of P2P (peers to peers). It was obtained as changes in both indicators, attitudes and behaviour. With relationship to the first indicator, the differences were statistically significant. Homophobic attitudes were significantly reduced. They were evaluated as more favourable in terms of like/dislike. Behaviours such as “sitting near a gay partner” or “to be a friend of someone labelled as gay”, “stick to a teammate labelled gay", significantly more pleasant as assessments were obtained. The second indicator, (punished homophobic behaviours) was reduced, however, was not significant. Some reasons that justify these results will be discussed.

Item Type:Article
Palabras clave (otros idiomas):Peers to peers, Homophobia, Bullying, And evaluative conditioning
Subjects:Social sciences > Sociology > Anthropology
Social sciences > Sociology > Social change
Social sciences > Sociology > Statistics and social indicators
Social sciences > Sociology > Educational sociology
Social sciences > Sociology > Social psychology
Social sciences > Social service > Social policy
ID Code:39344
Deposited On:10 Oct 2016 09:14
Last Modified:19 Dec 2018 12:20

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