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Impact of tamsulosin exposure on late complications following cataract surgery: retrospective cohort study

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González Martín-Moro, Julio and González López, Julio José and Gómez Sanz, Fernando J. and Zarallo Gallardo, Jesús (2014) Impact of tamsulosin exposure on late complications following cataract surgery: retrospective cohort study. International Ophthalmology, 34 (4). pp. 761-766. ISSN 0165-5701

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-013-9869-5



Abstract

The purpose of this study is to measure the impact of tamsulosin intake on five postoperative cataract surgery complications (toxic anterior segment syndrome, rebound uveitis, retinal detachment, macular edema, and postoperative endophthalmitis). This retrospective cohort study was conducted at University Hospital of Henares. The study included 660-eyes of 660 patients submitted to cataract surgery at the ophthalmology unit of Hospital del Henares (Madrid) between 2 March 2009 and 28 February 2010. Extracapsular cataract extraction, combined glaucoma and cataract surgery phacovitrectomy, posterior capsule rupture and zonular damage were considered exclusion criteria. Clinical charts were reviewed during July 2012. Patients were divided in two groups (exposed and non-exposed to tamsulosin). Cumulative incidence of toxic anterior segment syndrome, rebound uveitis, retinal detachment, macular edema and postoperative endophthalmitis were compared in both groups. Rebound uveitis (relative risk [RR] 3.39; confidence interval [CI] 1.63–7.08) and macular edema (RR 4.15; CI 1.06–16.22) were more common in the tamsulosin-exposed group. Retinal detachment had a similar incidence in both groups. We observed no cases of endophthalmitis or toxic anterior segment syndrome in either of the two groups. Tamsulosin exposure in this cohort was associated with a higher risk of rebound uveitis and macular edema but the other three studied postoperative complications had a similar incidence in both groups.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

Presented as an electronic poster in the 17th European Cataract and Refractive Surgery Society winter meeting (Warsow 2013).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Cataract surgery ; Tamsulosin ; Alpha blockers ; Uveitis ; Macular edema ; Retinal detachment
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Surgery
Medical sciences > Medicine > Ophtalmology
ID Code:41346
Deposited On:17 Feb 2017 11:17
Last Modified:03 Mar 2017 09:24

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