Colonisation patterns of supralittoral arthropods in naturally stranded wrack debris on Atlantic sandy beaches of Brazil and Spain



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Ruiz Delgado, M. Carmen and Vieira, Jenyffer Vierheller and Reyes Martínez, M. José and Borzone, Carlos Alberto and Outerelo Domínguez, Raimundo and Sánchez Moyano, Juan Emilio and García García, Francisco José (2015) Colonisation patterns of supralittoral arthropods in naturally stranded wrack debris on Atlantic sandy beaches of Brazil and Spain. Marine and Freshwater Research, 23 . ISSN 1323-1650, 1448-6059

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From an ecosystem perspective, wrack debris represents a key element for the maintenance of biodiversity and functioning of sandy beaches. Here, we characterised the colonisation patterns of supralittoral assemblages associated with wrack accumulations (seaweed and mangrove propagules) on multiple Atlantic sandy beaches (southern Brazil and south-western Spain). By using a manipulative field experiment, we sought to determine the temporal changes of the density, diversity and the structure of the whole community during the colonisation of wrack debris, and whether the colonisation patterns in response to the stranding of natural wrack debris were different on local (between beaches) and regional (between Atlantic regions) scales. Our results showed increases in density and diversity during the first 3 days after the stranding of seaweeds and mangrove-propagules debris. Moreover, wrack debris was promptly invaded by a wide range of species (i.e. talitrids, dipterans, coleopterans and spiders), although the colonisation pattern was slower in southern Brazil (16-day period) than in south-western Spain (3-day period). Wrack-debris characteristics (e.g. amount, degradation and composition) combined with biological strategies (e.g. trophic guilds and mobility) of supralittoral species could explain the different colonisation patterns in each Atlantic region. The temporal changes of wrack-associated fauna can have potential effects on the wrack-derived process and food-web structure on sandy beaches.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Macroinvertebrates. Mangrove propagules. Seaweeds. Southern Brazil. South-western Spain. Supratidal
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Invertebrates
ID Code:41395
Deposited On:20 Feb 2017 13:59
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:25

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