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Structure-activity relationship of α mating pheromone from the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum



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Vitale, Stefania and Partida Hanon, Angelica and Serrano, Soraya and Martínez del Pozo, Álvaro and Di Pietro, Antonio and Turrà, David and Bruix, Marta (2017) Structure-activity relationship of α mating pheromone from the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum. Journal of Biological Chemistry . ISSN 1083-351X

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Official URL: http://www.jbc.org/content/early/2017/01/18/jbc.M116.766311


During sexual development, ascomycete fungi produce two types of peptide pheromones termed a and α. The α pheromone from the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a thirteen residue peptide which elicits cell cycle arrest and chemotropic growth, has served as paradigm for the interaction of small peptides with their cognate G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). However, no structural information is currently available for α pheromones from filamentous ascomycetes, which are significantly shorter and share almost no sequence similarity with the S. cerevisiae homolog. High-resolution structure of synthetic α-pheromone from the plant pathogenic ascomycete Fusarium oxysporum revealed the presence of a central β-turn resembling that of its yeast counterpart. Disruption of the fold by Dalanine substitution of the conserved central Gly6-Gln7 residues or by random sequence scrambling demonstrated a crucial role for this structural determinant in chemoattractant activity. Unexpectedly, the growth inhibitory effect of F. oxysporum α-pheromone was independent of the cognate GPCR Ste2 and of the central β-turn but instead required two conserved Trp1-Cys2 residues at the N-terminus. These results indicate that, in spite of their reduced size, fungal α-pheromones contain discrete functional regions with a defined secondary structure that regulate diverse biological processes such as polarity reorientation and cell division.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fusarium oxysporum; α-pheromone; chemotropism; hyphal growth inhibition
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Molecular biology
Sciences > Chemistry > Biochemistry
ID Code:41589
Deposited On:01 Mar 2017 14:09
Last Modified:01 Feb 2018 00:01

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