Optical pumping of a single hole spin in a p-doped quantum dot coupled to a metallic nanoparticle



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Antón Revilla, Miguel Ángel and Carreño Sánchez, Fernando and Melle Hernández, Sonia and Gómez Calderón, Oscar and Cabrera Granado, Eduardo and Singh, Mahi R. (2013) Optical pumping of a single hole spin in a p-doped quantum dot coupled to a metallic nanoparticle. Physical review B, 87 . p. 195303. ISSN 1098-0121

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.87.195303


The preparation of quantum states with a defined spin is analyzed in a hybrid system consisting of a p-doped semiconductor quantum dot (QD) coupled to a metallic nanoparticle. The quantum dot is described as a four-level atom-like system using the density matrix formalism. The lower levels are Zeeman-split hole spin states and the upper levels correspond to positively charged excitons containing a spin-up, spin-down hole pair and a spin electron. A metallic nanoparticle with spheroidal geometry is placed in close proximity to the quantum dot, and its effects are considered in the quasistatic approximation. A linearly polarized laser field drives two of the optical transitions of the QD and produces localized surface plasmons in the nanoparticle which act back upon the QD. The frequencies of these localized plasmons are very different along the two principal axes of the nanoparticle, thus producing an anisotropic modification of the spontaneous emission rates of the allowed optical transitions which is accompanied by local-field corrections. This effect translates into a preferential acceleration of some of the optical pathways and therefore into a fast initialization of the QD by excitation with a short optical pulse. The population transfer between the lower levels of the QD and the fidelity is analyzed as a function of the nanoparticle's aspect ratio, the external magnetic field, and the Rabi frequency of the driving field. It is also shown that the main effect of the local-field corrections is a lengthening of the time elapsed to reach the steady-state. The hole spin is predicted to be successfully cooled from 5 to 0.04 K at a magnetic field of 4.6 T applied in the Voigt geometry.

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© 2013 American Physical Society.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Optical propierties ; Nanorods ; P-dope quantum ; Nanoparticle ; Single hole spin
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Optics
Sciences > Physics > Quantum theory
ID Code:41823
Deposited On:17 Mar 2017 08:55
Last Modified:21 Mar 2017 08:57

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