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Defence sugarcane glycoproteins disorganize microtubules andprevent nuclear polarization and germination of Sporisoriumscitamineum teliospores

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Sánchez Elordi, Elena and Baluska, Frantisek and Echevarría, Clara and Vicente Córdoba, Carlos and Legaz González, María Estrella (2016) Defence sugarcane glycoproteins disorganize microtubules andprevent nuclear polarization and germination of Sporisoriumscitamineum teliospores. Journal of Plant Physiology, 200 . pp. 111-123. ISSN 0176-1617

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Official URL: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-plant-physiology/



Abstract

Microtubules (MTs) are involved in the germination of Sporisorium scitamineum teliospores. Resistant varieties of sugar cane plants produce defence glycoproteins that prevent the infection of the plants by the filamentous fungi Sporisorium scitamineum. Here, we show that a fraction of these glycoproteins pre-vents the correct arrangement of MTs and causes nuclear fragmentation defects. As a result, nuclei cannotcorrectly migrate through the growing hyphae, causing germinative failure. Arginase activity contained in defence glycoproteins is already described for preventing fungal germination. Now, its enzymatically active form is presented as a link between the defensive capacity of glycoproteins and the MT disor-ganization in fungal cells. Active arginase is produced in healthy and resistant plants; conversely, it is not detected in the juice from susceptible varieties, which explains why MT depolarization, nuclear dis-organization as well as germination of teliospores are not significantly affected by glycoproteins from non-resistant plants. Our results also suggest that susceptible plants try to increase their levels of arginase after detecting the presence of the pathogen. However, this signal comes “too late” and such defensive mechanism fails.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sugarcane; Arginase; Sporisorium scitamineum; Germination; Microtubules; Nucleus; Immunolabeling
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Botany
Medical sciences > Biology > Plant physiology
ID Code:42099
Deposited On:05 Apr 2017 13:41
Last Modified:09 Apr 2019 09:30

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