Nanoceria and bulk cerium oxide effects on the germination of Asplenium adiantum-nigrum spores

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Gómez Garay, Aranzazu and Pintos López, Beatriz and Manzanera, José Antonio and Prada Moral, Carmen and Martín Calvarro, Luisa and Gabriel y Galán Moris, José María (2016) Nanoceria and bulk cerium oxide effects on the germination of Asplenium adiantum-nigrum spores. Forest Systems, 25 (3). ISSN 2171-5068

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Abstract

Aim of the study: The effect of cerium oxide engineered nanoparticles on the spore germination of the fern Asplenium adiantumnigrum.
Area of study: France, Britanny Region, Finistére Department, Plougonvelin, in rocks near the sea.
Material and methods: Asplenium spores were cultured in vitro on agar medium with Nano-CeO2 (less than 25 nm particle size) and bulk-CeO2. The addition of each nano- and bulk particles ranged from 0 to 3000 mg L–1. Observations on rhizoidal and prothallial cells during first stages of gametophyte development were made. The No-Observed-Adverse-Effect concentration (NOAEC) and Lowest-Observed-Adverse-Effect-Concentration (LOEC) values for spore germination rate data were analyzed.
Main results: Germination was speeded up by 100 to 2000 mg L–1 nanoceria, while bulk cerium oxide had the same effect for 500 to 2000 mg L–1 concentrations. Present results showed cellular damage in the protonema while rhizoid cells seemed not to be affected, as growth and membrane integrity remained.
Research highlights: Both nanosized and bulk cerium oxide are toxic for the fern Asplenium adiantum-nigrum, although diverse toxicity patterns were shown for both materials. Diverse toxic effects have been observed: chloroplast membrane damage and lysis, cell wall and membrane disruption which leads to cell lysis; and alterations in morphology and development.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nanoparticles; Rhizoid; Prothallus; Chloroplast; Fern
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Botany
Medical sciences > Biology > Plant physiology
ID Code:42200
Deposited On:18 Apr 2017 14:09
Last Modified:09 Apr 2019 09:27

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